, Description of the Boston Massacre (1770)
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and was covered in detail by the
. British troops had been stationed in the city since late 1768 to
protect British customs officers, and tensions between the soldiers and citizens of
Boston had been building. The resulting clash between a group of citizens and
soldiers on March 5 resulted in five civilian deaths, the removal of British troops
from Boston, and trials for some of the soldiers involved. (Ultimately, five were
acquitted, and two were convicted of manslaughter). The Boston Massacre became
a crucial element in anti-British propaganda in the colonies.
. . . On the evening of Monday, being the fifth current, several soldiers of the 29th
Regiment were seen parading the streets with their drawn cutlasses and bayonets,
abusing and wounding numbers of the inhabitants.
A few minutes after nine o'clock four youths, named Edward Archbald, William
Merchant, Francis Archbald, and John Leech, jun., came down Cornhill together, and
separating at Doctor Loring's corner, the two former were passing the narrow alley
leading to Murray's barrack in which was a soldier brandishing a broad sword of an