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Ch.2 Fundamentals of Embalming.pptx - CHAPTER 2...

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CHAPTER 2FUNDAMENTALS OFEMBALMING
TerminologyThe American Board of Funeral ServiceEducation’s definition of Embalmingis- aprocess of chemically treating the deadhuman body to reduce the presence andgrowth of microorganisms, retard organicdecomposition, and restore an acceptablephysical appearance.
TerminologyDecay- decomposition of proteins byenzymes of aerobic bacteria.Decompose isanother word for Decay.Putrefaction- Decomposition of proteins bythe action of enzymes from anaerobicbacteria.What is the difference between aerobic andanaerobic bacteria?
TerminologyAerobic means with air.Anaerobic means without air.Therefore, Decay is what happens to thebody because of the air around it, such as abody lying unfound in the mountains forseveral days, and Putrefaction is whathappens inside the body where there is noair, like in the case of gangrene.
TerminologyDecomposition- the break down ofcompounds into simpler substances by theaction of microbial and/or autolyticenzymes.Preservation- the science of treating thedead human body chemically so as totemporarily inhibit decomposition.
TerminologyPreservative- Chemicals which inactivatesaprophytic bacteria; render unsuitable fornutrition the media upon which suchbacteria thrive, and which will arrestdecomposition by altering enzymes andlysins of the body as well as converting thedecomposable tissue to a form lesssusceptible to decomposition.
TerminologyAn alternative definition of Preservative- apreservative will stop bacteria that live offof dead tissue from thriving and will changethe chemical make up of the proteins thatdestroy blood cells and tissue in response tothe dead body; therefore slowing down thedecomposition process.
Question?Can preservation happen naturally or doesman have to cause preservation to occur?
AnswerDepending on climate, temperature, and thesurrounding environment, preservation canoccur naturally.Can you think of anexample?Would a body in The SaharaDesert preserve itself naturally? What aboutthe Rainforest?Why or why not?
EditorialBased on the fact that preservation canhappen naturally I don’t like the bookdefinition of preservation, which says thatchemicals are used. If chemicals are usedthen that’s embalming.
4 Embalming TreatmentClassificationsArterialCavitySurfaceHypodermic
Arterial EmbalmingCan be used to prepare general or localizedbody region.

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