Writing Assessment.rtf - Gamble T Walker I(2016 Wearing a...

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Gamble, T. & Walker, I. (2016). Wearing a bicycle helmet can increase risk-taking and sensation seeking in adults. Psychological Science, 27, 289-294. Ashley Lazar
PSY-218-101 October 5, 2019 Summary In the article called “Wearing a bicycle helmet can increase risk-taking and sensation seeking in adults,” written by Gamble, Tim and Walker, Ian it discusses how humans tend to base their behavior towards risky situations on how safe they believe they are. Although this might seem like common sense at first glance, this study shows how humans tend to have an inflated perception of safety at times. This study gave participants the safety equipment needed, but the participants were not completely aware of wearing the safety equipment. This was to observe how they would react to being at risk when they were wearing more protective head equipment compared to a less protective. The conductors of this experiment were able to provide the participants with the protective equipment without their completely awareness of it by claiming that the study was purely to track their eye-movements, and the helmet or baseball cap was just to be used to hold the eye tracking apparatus in place (Gamble & Walker, 2016). The total number of participants of this study is 80 with roughly half of the participants (39 participants) wearing a type of helmet and the others wearing some sort of cap (41 participants). The participants ranged from 17 years of age to 56 years of age with the median number being 25.26. (Gamble & Walker, 2016). Before the procedure began, participants participated in two tests, one that determined their anxiety levels and the other to basically determine how much of a “risk-taker” each participant was. The first test, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Form Y-1, measured anxiety through a series of 40 questions. Half of those questions calculated the chronic levels of anxiety that he or she has experienced. The 20 other questions assessed the participants on their anxiety
levels at that very moment. While the first test was a written test it did not really show the participants' actions on certain situations. The second test was useful to see how much of a risk- taker each participant was. This test had a balloon on a screen and he or she pressed a button so that the balloon can be pumped once. The balloon would explode at random, between 1 and 128 pumps. The participant did not know when the balloon would pop. If the balloon inflated and did not pop, then he or she would earn fake “money”. However, if the animated balloon exploded, then the participant would lose all their imaginary money. The participants had the option to save their fake money in a “bank” or keep going. Participants did 30 trials total. This is where the risk

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