Piers Plowman langland wiki.docx - William...

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William Langland "Langland's Dreamer": from an illuminated initial in a Piers Plowman manuscript held at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. William Langland ( / læŋl nd/ ˈ ə ; Latin : Willielmus de Langland ; c.1332 – c. 1386) is the presumed author of a work of Middle English alliterative verse generally known as Piers Plowman , an allegory with a complex variety of religious themes. The poem translated the language and concepts of the cloister into symbols and images that could be understood by a layman. Contents [hide] 1 Life 2 Attribution 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links Life [ edit ] Very little is known of Langland himself. It seems that he was born in the West Midlands of England in 1330. The narrator in Piers Plowman receives his first vision while sleeping in the Malvern Hills (between Herefordshire and Worcestershire ), which suggests some connection to the area. The dialect of the poem is also consistent with this part of the country. There are strong indications that Langland died in 1385 or 1386. A note written by "Iohan but" (John But) in a 14th-century manuscript of the poem (Rawlinson 137) makes direct reference to the death of its author: " whan this werke was wrouyt, ere Wille myte aspie/ Deth delt him a dent and drof him to the erthe/ And is closed vnder clom" ("once this work was made, before Will was aware/ Death struck him a blow and knocked him to the ground/ And now he is buried under the soil"). According

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