2. William James rejected the thought of determinism due to the rule of observation. He comes from a school of thought known as pragmatism. There is simply not enough proof that determinism exists beyond a reasonable doubt. Therefore, determinism does not have the final word, which is why it was easier to choose free will. Determinism still surrounds us. Defending and proving are not the same things, though. James believes we need to use our deeper ordered common sense in order to weigh the evidence. Though it is not total proof of a free will, immediate experience calls upon the sensation of freedom. 1Possibilities are the main source of the theory. James’ thought on determinism denies the possibility of possibilities. A possibility is something within my control. Holbach’s hidden 2causes do not equal Jame’s possibilities. With Holbach, the nature of factors controls you. Here is an example of a hidden cause not equaling possibilities: I woke up today and killed someone, now I am going for lunch. This leans towards Holbach’s hidden cause because when I woke up
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- Spring '12