researchandreport4 (4).pdf - 1 URINARY HORMONES Research and Report 4 Jennifer Jones BIO 202 2 URINARY HORMONES Anabolism and Catabolism Anabolism

researchandreport4 (4).pdf - 1 URINARY HORMONES Research...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

1 URINARY/ HORMONES Research and Report 4 Jennifer Jones November 16, 2019 BIO 202
Image of page 1
2 URINARY/ HORMONES Anabolism and Catabolism Anabolism concentrates on growth, building, and organization of molecules. These hormones are needed in the synthesis of hormones. Hormones that are anabolic are estrogen, testosterone, insulin, insulin growth factor (IGF), and the growth hormone (GH). Estrogen is produced primarily in the ovaries but is also produced in the liver and adrenal glands, and its function is to increase metabolism and fat deposition (OpenStax, 2017). Testosterone is produced in the testes in males and ovaries in females and stimulates muscle mass and strength as well as bone strength (OpenStax, 2017). Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas an essential role in carbohydrate and fat metabolism, controls glucose levels, and promotes the uptake of glucose into the body (OpenStax, 2017). IGF stimulates growth of muscle and bone while inhibiting cell death (OpenStax, 2017). Lastly, GH is synthesized and released from the pituitary gland and stimulates cell, tissue, and bone growth (OpenStax, 2017). Catabolism starts when you begin food digestion and molecules in the body break it down into energy. These hormones stimulate molecular breakdown and production of energy. Hormones that are catabolic are cortisol, glucagon, and adrenaline/epinephrine. Cortisol is released from the adrenal gland in response to stress and its main role is to increase blood glucose levels (OpenStax, 2017). Glucagon is released from the alpha cells in the pancreas when starving or when more energy is needed, and it stimulates the breakdown of glycogen in the liver (OpenStax, 2017). Adrenaline/epinephrine is released in response to activation of the sympathetic system, and is a bronchodilator that opens the bronchi of the lungs to increase air volume (OpenStax, 2017).
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 5 pages?

  • Spring '16

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors