5271-10500-3-PB.pdf - Anthropos Jurnal Antropologi Sosial...

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14 Anthropos: Jurnal Antropologi Sosial dan Budaya 2 (1) (2016): 14-30 ANTHROPOS: Jurnal Antropologi Sosial dan Budaya Available online Fungsi Tanah dan Kaitannya dengan Konflik Tanah pada Masyarakat Batak Toba Fernandes Sinaga dan Supsiloani Program Studi Pendidikan Antropologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Diterima Pebruari 2016; Disetujui April 2016; Dipublikasikan Juni 2016 Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui fungsi tanah dan kaitannya dengan konflik tanah pada masyarakat Batak Toba dengan mengambil daerah penelitian di Desa Sigaol Lumban Suhisuhi Dolok Kecamatan Pangururan Kabupaten Samosir. Metode yang digunakan asalah pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif yang bertujuan untuk memahami dan menafsirkan makna dari suatu peristiwa interaksi tingkah laku manusia sehingga dapat memberikan gambaran sistematis. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh data bahwa Hamoraon (kekayaan), hasangapon (kehormatan), hagabeon (beranak cucu) merupakan pandangan dan cita-cita hidup masyarakat Batak Toba yang harus direalisasikan dalam kehidupannya. Dalam merealisasikan prinsip dan cita-cita hidup, mereka menganggap kekayaan merupakan jalan bagi tercapainya hasangapon (kehormatan), kekuasaan dan hagabeon (beranak cucu). Bagi masyarakat Batak Toba tanah dianggap jalan mendapatkan kekayaan sehingga mereka berlomba-lomba untuk memiliki tanah. Di samping berfungsi sebagai penambah kekayaan, tanah terutama tanah warisan memiliki fungsi dan nilai yang lain yakni sebagai pelambang status (harga diri), pelambang identitas keturunan dan mengandung nilai ekonomis. Beragamnya nilai dan fungsi tanah bagi masyarakat Batak Toba tidak jarang menjadi pemicu terjadinya konflik tanah dikalangan masyarakat Batak Toba. Kata Kunci : Fungsi Tanah; Batak Toba; Konflik Tanah. Abstract This study aims to determine the function of soil and land issues in relation to the Toba Batak society by taking the research area in the village of Lumban Suhisuhi Sigaol Dolok Pangururan District of Samosir. The method used ROBLEM descriptive qualitative approach that aims to understand and interpret the meaning of an event interaction of human behavior so as to provide a systematic overview. Data collection techniques used in this study is observation, interview and documentation. From the research data showed that Hamoraon (wealth), hasangapon (honor), hagabeon (populate) the views and ideals of Batak Toba society life that must be realized in life. In the realization of the principles and ideals of life, they regard wealth an avenue for achieving hasangapon (honor), power and hagabeon (populate). Toba Batak society land is considered the way to get rich so that they are vying to own the land. In addition to functioning as an enhancer of wealth, especially land inherited land has a function and the value of the other as both symbol status (self-esteem), both symbol descent identity and contain no economic value. The diversity of values and functions of soil
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