crime.pptx - FD13A CRIME IN JAMAICA Lecturer Aieka Smith AREAS OF FOCUS Types of Crime Causes of Crime Jamaica’s situation with crime Recommendations

crime.pptx - FD13A CRIME IN JAMAICA Lecturer Aieka Smith...

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FD13A CRIME IN JAMAICA Lecturer: Aieka Smith.
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AREAS OF FOCUS Types of Crime Causes of Crime Jamaica’s situation with crime Recommendations to stem/control crime
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INTRODUCTION “The heightened incidence of criminal and violent behavior in recent years has become a major concern across the world. From Eastern Europe to the developing countries of Latin America, violence and crime threaten social stability and are becoming major obstacles to development”(Fajnzylber et al. 2002,p.1323) “Between the early 1980s and the mid 1990s, the rate of intentional homicides increased by 50% in Latin America and by more than 100% in Eastern Europe and Central Asia” (Ibid.).
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TYPES OF CRIME There are 2 main types of crime: 1.Personal Crimes - “Offenses against the Person”: These are crimes such as arson,rape,, sexual assault, and other offenses of a sexual nature, kidnapping, homicide crimes such as first and second degree murder, and involuntary manslaughter, and vehicular homicide that result in physical or mental harm to another person.
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TYPES OF CRIME CONTD. 2. Property Crimes- “Offenses against Property”: These are crimes that do not necessarily involve harm to another person. Instead, they involve an interference with another person’s right to use or enjoy property. Property crimes are: larceny ( theft ), r obbery (theft by force) burglary, arson, Embezzlement, forgery ,false pretenses, receipt of stolen goods. Other subcategories included -Violent and Non- Violent Crime.
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CAUSES OF CRIME Poverty. Writers such as Harriott (2003) consider the link between poverty and crime as a central issue in the debate in crime across the Caribbean. Inequality & Relative Deprivation (educational achievement, family type) (Headley 1994; Ellis 1992; Stone 1987) . Unemployment (Fleisher 1966; Ehrlich 1973) Low self-control as "the individual-level cause of crime" (Gottfredson & Hirschi 1990, p.
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