VOCABULARY

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VOCABULARY 1) Progressives : 1890s-1920 - Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and end corruption in government resulting from industrialization. The Progressives wanted to improve the quality of life and return government to the people (democratization). 2) Salvation Army : In the East End of London, revivalist preacher William Booth and his wife Catherine establish the Christian Mission, later known as the Salvation Army. Determined to wage war against the evils of poverty and religious indifference with military efficiency, Booth modeled his Methodist sect after the British army, labeling uniformed ministers as “officers” and new members as “recruits.” 3) Temperance Movement : An organized campaign to eliminate alcoholic consumption. *3 groups dominate the temperance movement 1. Prohibition part 2. Women’s Christian Temprance movement 3. Anti-saloon league (All suported prohibition-believed salons/alcohol undermined public morals) 4) Robert La Follette: Was a charismatic politician who created major innovations in public policy. He was the recognized leader of the Progressive Moment. He returned to his home district and practiced law. But he never left politics. He began developing a personal political organization within the Republican Party. He initiated a crusade against political bosses. He even went so far as to public report that the head of his party, the Repubican Party, tried to bribe him. La Follette began organizing an alternate Republican Party which eventually became the Progressive Party. He campaigned on issues, such as tax reform political democracy regulation of corporations a direct primary to select the candidates for the political parties 5) Secret Ballot : The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation, blackmailing, and potential vote buying. The system is one means of achieving the goal of political privacy. 6) 16 th : Federal income tax 7) 17 th : Direct election of senators 8) 18 th : Prohibition of alcohol 9) 19 th : ratified giving women the right to vote 10) The Square Deal : was President Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program. He explained in 1910: “When I say that I am for the square deal, I mean not merely that I stand for fair play under the present rules of the game, but that I stand for having those rules changed so as to work for a more substantial equality of opportunity and of reward for equally good service.” Roosevelt reflected three basic goals: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. These three demands are often referred to as the "three C's" of Roosevelt's Square Deal. Thus, it aimed at helping middle class citizens and involved attacking plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the most extreme demands of organized labor. A progressive Republican, Roosevelt
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