case study lab 6 & 7.docx - Part I 1 120/80 Top number is systolic and bottom number is diastolic 2 Age race family history weight diet smoking too

case study lab 6 & 7.docx - Part I 1 120/80 Top number...

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Part I: 1. 120/80. Top number is systolic and bottom number is diastolic 2. Age, race, family history, weight, diet, smoking, too much salt, too little K 3. Healthy eating with proper amounts of Na and K, not smoking, exercise, stress free environment (if possible), healthy weight 4. The heart, kidneys, brain, arterial blood vessels 5. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors), Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB), angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), beta blockers, and diuretics are all considered alternative therapies in patients with hypertension Part II: 1. Diuretics lower your blood pressure by flushing salt and water out of your body through your urine. ACE inhibitors allow for your blood vessels to relax and widen causing BP to go down. Angiotensin dilate blood vessels as well. Block action of angiotensin, Calcium channel blockers work by
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Unformatted text preview: slowing the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. 2. Aldosterone from the adrenal gland acts on the kidney to promote sodium reabsorption and encourage K excretion, ADH on kidneys for prevention of releasing into urine and water reabsorption and ANH (atrial natriuretic hormone) from the atrium of the heart acts on the kidney to promote sodium excretion through urine 3. Too much calcium and sodium could increase hypertension 4. High BP can affect the blood brain barrier. Excessive pressure on the brain which can cause blood to leak form the blood vessels in the brain? The swelling can induce pressure that causes a headache. 5. Trying to excrete the extra sodium and calcium in order to lower BP...
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