Anthro Study Guide exam 1.pdf - Anthropology:​ the study of humans and our close biological relatives the Primates Subfields 1 Sociocultural

Anthro Study Guide exam 1.pdf - Anthropology:​ the study...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 20 pages.

Anthropology: the study of humans and our close biological relatives, the Primates Subfields: 1. Sociocultural Anthropology: study of human cultural adaptation 2. Archaeology: study of past human cultures through their material remains 3. Linguistic Anthropology: Language origins, relationship between language and culture 4. Physical (Biological) Anthropology: study of human (and non-human primate) biology, within a framework of evolution, and human biocultural variation Human Biology: Study of modern human genetic and phenotypic (physical) variation (biocultural variation) Primatology: Study of our close biological relatives, the Primates Forensic Anthropology: Identification of human remains Paleopathology: The study of ancient disease Paleoanthropology: Study of primate and human evolution Hominins : modern humans and their bipedal (upright walking) ancestors Physical Anthropology is a Scientific Discipline • A method of discovery that results in a body of knowledge Paradigm : the generally accepted perspective/belief on a subject at a given time Fixity of Life • God created everything as it currently exists • No extinctions • No new creations • And it all happened a very short time ago ---- It means that most species haven't changed genetically over a long period of time. Basically the concept is that most animals, organisms and eukaryotic/prokaryotic cells remained a constant and that all physical matter/energy remained unchanged, no evolution, entropy, exc. The Great Chain of Being- a strict, religious hierarchical structure of all matter and life, believed to have been decreed by God . Archbishop James Usher (1580-1656)- recognized that humans had more history than 1000 years which is what it says in the book of Genesis. - "Young Earth" - prolific scholar, who most famously published a chronology that purported to establish the time and date of the creation as the night preceding Sunday, 23 October 4004 BC Evolution : Change through time from one species to another through the natural selection of individual variation Historical barriers to the idea of evolution 1) recognize that humans have an ancient past 2) recognize that natural processes lead to change in natural systems (including life) 3) time and change
Image of page 1
Events leading to the paradigm shift 1. Scientific Revolution: Development of Scientific Method, invention of new technologies 2. Age of exploration: discovery of previously unknown life forms, true understanding of life’s diversity 3. Discovery of Apes: links humans to the rest of nature 4. Discovery of remains of creatures no longer in existence / extinct (fossils) Andreas Vesalius(1514-1564)- “ comparative anatomy”- referred as founder of human anatomy John Ray (1628-1705) - developed the concept of species and genus Natural theology - wisdom of God understood by studying the features of his Creation Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) - developed method of classifying animals - standardized John Ray's use of genus and species and established the system
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 20 pages?

  • Fall '07
  • CAMPBELL

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors