Finegan_slides_Chapter 1.ppt - Welcome to Language and Linguistics-Ling 5 Language Its Structure and Use Course overview • • • • • • One

Finegan_slides_Chapter 1.ppt - Welcome to Language and...

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Language: Its Structure and Use Welcome to Language and Linguistics -Ling 5
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Language: Its Structure and Use Course overview One chapter per week Weekly quiz (CourseMate) Attend lecture and section 3 essays (Sept, Oct, Nov) 1 midterm (Oct 18) Final exam (Dec 16)
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Language: Its Structure and Use This week in Ling 5 Read Chapter 1 Do Chapter 1 Quiz on CourseMate No sections Write about language experience; turn in in section next week
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Language: Its Structure and Use Chapter 1: Language and Linguistics
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Language: Its Structure and Use How Many Languages? Enumerating them is not a straightforward task Dialects vs. different languages Newly discovered languages Languages die Languages are born The Ethnologue lists 7,105 languages
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Language: Its Structure and Use Official Language of USA? English is not the official language of the United States Nearly 55 million U.S. residents speak a home language other than English 176 living languages are spoken in the United States today
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Language: Its Structure and Use Official Language of USA? Federal Election Commission
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Language: Its Structure and Use Human Language
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Human Language Expression : words, phrases, and sentences, including intonation and stress Meaning : the senses and referents of expressions Context : the social situation in which expressions are uttered Language: Its Structure and Use
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Language: Its Structure and Use Signs Arbitrary signs : no inherent connection between the sign and what it indicates Language is a system of arbitrary signs The associations between signs and meanings are established by convention Part of learning a language is learning those associations Representational signs : the sign may suggest its meaning
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Grammatical Competence Rules
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