Americas 1 (1).pptx - New worlds America’s and Oceania Themes Religion – Xtianity as a reason(again Conquest – Inca’s Aztecs and new empires

Americas 1 (1).pptx - New worlds America’s and Oceania...

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New worlds: America’s and Oceania Themes: Religion – Xtianity as a reason (again!) Conquest – Inca’s, Aztecs and new empires Transferals – people, disease Trade – gold, silver, labor, agriculture Settlements
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New worlds: America’s and Oceania The Spanish Caribbean Spanish explorers first met Taino people (Arawaks). Based on small chiefdoms, interested in trading for beads and metal tools Columbus made Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Rep) his base, Followers built fort of Santo Dominingo (1498) as capital Used Taino as labor for mining gold – used force if required. Supposedly offered health, welfare and Xtianity in return Occasional rebellions put down by superior Spanish arms. 1518 smallpox reached Caribbean; by 1540 Taino effectively wiped out When hunt for gold switched to S America , Caribbean became hangout for pirates
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New worlds: America’s and Oceania Conquest of Inca and Aztec empires Early 16 th century Spanish push beyond Caribbean to Mexico and Peru In Mexico Hernan Cortes met the Aztecs; in Peru Francisco Pizarro met the Inca.
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