HY0001 Part 2.docx - 1 Why did classical utilitarians think that slavery is wrong Answer Utilitarians believe that everyone's well-being is equally

HY0001 Part 2.docx - 1 Why did classical utilitarians think...

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1 Why did classical utilitarians think that slavery is wrong Answer: Utilitarians believe that everyone's well-being is equally important, and so the well-being of some should not be privileged over that of others. 2 Why did classical utilitarians think that we must consider the well-being of animals? Answer: Some animals, just like humans, are capable of experiencing pleasure and pain. 3 Did classical utilitarians believe that the proper treatment of animals is necessarily just as important as the proper treatment of human beings? Answer: No, utilitarians believe that the treatment of animals is important to the degree that animals are capable of experiencing pleasure and pain.
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1 According to consequentialists, when deciding whether an action is right or wrong, what must be considered in addition to the consequences? Choose one of the following answers. Nothing. Consequentialists think that the consequences are all that matter. Whether the action is universalizable. Whether the action treats people as means rather than as ends. Whether the action is what a virtuous person would do. 2 Utilitarianism's impartiality is a strength of the theory because: Choose one of the following answers. It explains why the consequences of the same type of action can differ in different contexts. Impartiality is built into how we think about morality. It is consistent with the idea that one's family should matter more than strangers. People are more likely to accept a moral theory if it gives them equal rights. 3 Mill thought that the only way to determine whether one type of pleasure is better than another is to: Choose one of the following answers. Experience both types of pleasure for yourself. Consult religious teachings. Conduct a controlled experiment in which people are made to feel each type of pleasure. Reflect on the nature of the causes of each type of pleasure.
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