SocSci 2 Reviewer 1st Exam.docx - SocSci 2 Reviewer I Plato...

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SocSci 2 Reviewer I. Plato II. Aristotle Father of Western Philosophy First Teacher The Philosopher Geocentrist – believes earth is center of the universe Founder of formal logic He was the teacher of Alexander the Great The Lyceum – school he founded o Peripatetics – Aristotelian school of thought, “ walking Knowledge is acquired through observation rather than intellectual reasoning Man is, by nature, a political animal. o Living in a society organized by reason is what makes us human. o Polis – city-state, government o Material appetites (biological urges) are reflected in the family o Social sentiment (desire for companionship) is expressed in the village o Moral nature (what makes him human) is fulfilled in the state ARISTOTLE’S SIX SPECIES OF GOVERNMENT Nichomacean Ethics – collection of Aristotle’s notes, named after his son, Nichomacus o Eudaimonia – highest good.
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