02 Report-Karl-Marx.pdf - CELESTINO Queenie Angel C Karl...

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CELESTINO, Queenie Angel C.
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Karl Marx
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“I am not a Marxist.”
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Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx born on May 5, 1818 in Trier, Rhineland, Germany died on March 14, 1883 in London, England revolutionary, sociologist, historian, and economist Father of Communism
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Karl Marx was the oldest surviving boy of nine children his father, Heinrich, was a successful lawyer and was devoted to Kant and Voltaire Jewish background exposed him to prejudice and discrimination which led him to questioning the role of religion in society
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Karl Marx was a political activist spent a day in jail for being drunk and disorderly left University of Bonn to study in the University of Berlin where he was introduced to Hegel’s philosophy Bruno Bauer – “Christian Gospels were a record not of history but of human fantasies arising from emotional needs” - convinced him to be an atheist
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Karl Marx married Jenny von Westphalen in 1843 became engaged in political activities and joined a newspaper in Cologne, suppressed for its derisive social and political content which ended his career in the academy and forced him to flee to Paris in 1843
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Karl Marx Friedrich Engels - fellow Rhinelander - lifelong companion and close collaborator - son of a German textile manufacturer - work: Condition of the Working Class in England (1844) - was the one who convinced Marx that industrial capitalism was mostly evident in England
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Karl Marx was expelled from France through the intervention of the Prussian government in 1845 moved to Brussels, where he collaborated with Engels in creating The Communist Manifesto (1848) was expelled again and was forbidden to return to Germany in 1849 moved to London where he depended mostly on Engels for financial support
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Karl Marx’s 3 Sources 1. German Philosophy - Hegel’s influence - “History had meaning and that it moved in a particular course toward a goal.” - “Historical process was dominated by the struggles between social classes.” (struggle between lower and higher forces) - The goal or outcome of history was predetermined.
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Karl Marx’s 3 Sources 2. French Revolutionary Politics -
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