Haney AJS 2018.pdf - Incarcerated Fatherhood The Entanglements of Child Support Debt and Mass Imprisonment1 Lynne Haney New York University With

Haney AJS 2018.pdf - Incarcerated Fatherhood The...

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Incarcerated Fatherhood: The Entanglements of Child Support Debt and Mass Imprisonment 1 Lynne Haney New York University With evidence comprising three years of ethnographic research in child support courts and 125 in-depth interviews with formerly incar- cerated fathers, the author shows how criminal justice and child sup- port provisions work in tandem to create complicated entanglements for fathers. She develops the concept of incarcerated fatherhood a matrix of laws, policies, and institutional practices that shape formerly incarcerated men s relationship to parenting. On the one hand, she analyzes the debt of imprisonment , or the material costs of paternal in- carceration; on the other, she examines the imprisonment of debt , or the punitive costs of child support debt. She then brings these two en- tanglements together to analyze their effects on men s lives as fathers. Instead of piling up in men s lives, these entanglements work in circu- lar ways to form feedback loops of disadvantage that create serious obstacles for men as parents and complicate precisely those relation- ships proven essential for reintegration after prison: familial relations of care, reciprocity, and interdependence. Damn, I hate it when they don t give us warning. Who s there? Is that At- tica calling? Of fi cer Gordon asks as she points to a large video screen facing the courtroom. Staring back on the screen is a bewildered African-American 1 I thank the many colleagues and students who have contributed to the ideas in this ar- ticle, including the AJS reviewers, John Halushka, Sabrina Dycus, Allison McKim, Chris Seeds, Mona Lynch, Kathryn Edin, Marie Gottschalk, Patricia Fernandez-Kelly, Na- than Link, Iddo Tavory, Jim Jacobs, David Garland, Ann Orloff, Maria Cancian, Ruth Horowitz, Kimberly Spencer-Suarez, Naomi Schneider, and Richard Wilson. The re- search in this article is part of a larger study The Effects of Child Support Debt and Im- prisonment on Men s Community Reintegration, cofunded by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Justice (grant no. SES-1424309) and supported © 2018 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. 0002-9602/2018/12401-0001$10.00 AJS Volume 124 Number 1 (July 2018): 1 48 1 This content downloaded from 129.105.215.146 on December 09, 2018 16:50:10 PM All use subject to University of Chicago Press Terms and Conditions ().
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man, wearing a prison jumpsuit with his hands shackled together. Sud- denly, a voice emerges from behind him: Yes, this is Attica calling for our 10:15. Judge Maddox then takes over, delivering a speech she repeats countless times a day: This is New York City family court. We are here to inform you that we are is- suing a child support order against you. New York State, and not the mother of your child, is seeking this order because of the public bene fi ts received by your minor son. You are entitled to hire an attorney for these proceedings if you see fi t, but you will have to cover the cost yourself. Because you are currently incar-
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