9.21 Recitation.pdf - MEASUREMENT STATA INTRO Dependent Variable things need to be explained ● Consequences Results Independent Variable” things do

9.21 Recitation.pdf - MEASUREMENT STATA INTRO Dependent...

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MEASUREMENT & STATA INTRO Dependent Variable: things need to be explained Consequences, Results Independent Variable” things do the explaining part Reasons, Causes Falsifiable: Can we come up with a method/evidence to prove it’s wrong? Testable: Can it be tested in reality? If not. Is it because we cannot come up with such a method or evidence (unfalsifiable)? Or because this method is impractical to implement (impractical to test)? MEASUREMENT Theories, which posit causal relationships between concepts . The goal of science more generally is to test these theories using data Theories: relationships between CONCEPTS Data: relationships between VARIABLES Theories can generate data, we can also say data supports the theory Measurement is the act of turning a concept into a variable. Ie: It’s how we go from the concept of “being liberal” to numbers in a spreadsheet. Basic Process: Concept-> Conceptual definition -> Operational definition ->variable
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