1_Topic 2 Orthotics.pptx - ORTHOTIC DEVICES IN REHABILITATION ENGINEERING 2.1 General orthotics 2.2 Classification of orthotics functional and regional

1_Topic 2 Orthotics.pptx - ORTHOTIC DEVICES IN...

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ORTHOTIC DEVICES IN REHABILITATION ENGINEERING 2.1 General orthotics 2.2 Classification of orthotics functional and regional 2.3 General principles of orthotics 2.4 Biomechnics of orthotics 2.5 Merits and demerits of orthotics 2.6 Material design consideration in orthotics DR ZUNUWANAS MOHAMAD / JKE /PSA
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General orthotics Orthotics : ortho , "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design , manufacture and application of orthoses. An orthosis (plural: orthoses ) is "an externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system "
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An orthotist is the primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses. An orthosis may be used to: 1. Control, guide, limit and/or immobilize an extremity , joint or body segment for a particular reason 2. To restrict movement in a given direction 3. To assist movement generally 4. To reduce weight bearing forces for a particular purpose 5. To aid rehabilitation from fractures after the removal of a cast 6. To otherwise correct the shape and/or function of the body, to provide easier movement capability or reduce pain
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Orthotics combines knowledge of 1. Anatomy and physiology , 2. P athophysiology , 3. B iomechanics 4. E ngineering . Patients benefiting from an orthosis may have a condition such as spina bifida or cerebral palsy , or have experienced a spinal cord injury or stroke . Equally, orthoses are sometimes used prophylactically or to optimise performance in sport.
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Classification of orthotics functional and regional
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The International Standard terminology, orthoses are classified by an acronym describing the anatomical joints which they contain 1. Upper-limb orthoses 2. Lower-limb orthoses
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Types of upper-limb orthoses 1. Upper-limb orthoses i. Clavicular and shoulder orthoses ii. Arm orthoses iii. Functional arm orthoses iv. Elbow orthoses 2. Forearm-wrist orthoses 3. Forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses 4. Forearm-wrist-hand orthoses 5. Hand orthoses 6. Upper-extremity orthoses (with special functions)
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Lower-limb orthoses 1. Foot orthoses 2. Ankle-foot orthosis 3. Knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFOs) 4. Knee orthosis (KO) 5. Prophylactic, functional and rehabilitation braces
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i. Clavicular and shoulder orthoses ii. Arm orthoses iii. Functional arm orthoses iv. Elbow orthoses
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Forearm-wrist orthoses Forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses Forearm-wrist-hand orthoses Hand orthoses
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What are orthotics? Orthotics are medical devices prescribed to help relieve foot and ankle discomfort. They are a conservative treatment approach to allow patients to go about normal activity by helping to control ones’ walking, and prevent future injury. An orthotic is not just an arch support can be purchased from a pharmacy or sneaker outlet, but rather a sophisticated corrective prosthetics, which are customized for the patients foot structure and functional needs
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Some Common Conditions that are Treated with Orthotics Flat Feet- pronation disorders
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  • Fall '19
  • Zunuwanas

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