PPA FINAL.pdf - POWER AND POLITICS MIDTERM OUTLINE Notes on Campaigns Historical context ● Elite coordination and nominations ● Mass mobilization


This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 12 pages.

POWER AND POLITICS MIDTERM OUTLINE Notes on Campaigns Historical context Elite coordination and nominations Mass mobilization and party machines Increasing d and b Jacksonian Democracy and the Spoils System Party machines in urban U.S Demobilization: voting restrictions and disenfranchisements Post Reconstruction: systematic disenfranchisement of newly emancipated African Americans Felony disenfranchisement Permanent bar on voting even post-release for convicted felons Disproportionately targeting African Americans through Black Codes Contemporary context Decentralized coordination via parties Typical influence of party elites (though not in 2016 GOP) “The party decides” Campaign dynamics Learning, bandwagon effects, early influence Mobilization via canvassing Demobilization: Voter ID and its (non?)-effects Claim: Voter ID laws disenfranchise voters, especially minorities (Hajnal et. al. 2015) Recent empirical evidence States adopting ID laws saw increases in turnout Little evidence of effects on turnout or fraud What’s going on here? Possibility of countermobilization Vote Cues in Contemporary Contexts Party Incumbency Direct officeholder benefits: name recognition, communications Selection effects “Scare-off” effects Campaign spending
Image of page 1
Why would we expect candidates who spend more to perform better? Why should candidates spend so much when Persuasive effects are transient? Aggregate data suggest level of campaign spending doesn’t matter much? Issue ownership (Petrocik 1996) and the state of the world Association of parties with specific issues Structure of Party Competition Parties as brands for imperfectly informed voters Political parties and elections Electoral mobilization and candidate selection Coherent brands for imperfectly informed voters Persistence of the two party system Political parties in government Coalition formation and maintenance Coordination within/across branches Agenda control and policy making The unidemensional spatial model Review: connectedness and transivity Utility function: for each individual i, a mapping from set of alternatives to payoffs, with each alternative x assigned a unique value u(x) Unidimensional spatial preferences: suppose x’s are points arrayed left to right on a line The Median Voter Theorem Assumptions Suppose alternatives representable as points on a line Suppose all boters have single-peaked preferences over alternatives (summarized by ideal points) Suppose two office-seeking candidates who take positions on line Suppose simple majority For any distribution of voter ideal points, there is a nash equilibrium in which both candidates converge to the ideal point of the median voter More generally: the median voter’s ideal point is unbeatable Two formulations
Image of page 2
Downs: office-motivated parties should converge to ideal
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 12 pages?

  • Fall '08

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes