Rhist thea.docx - Primary Source First Voyage Around the...

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Primary Source First Voyage Around the World ( Antonio Pigafetta) 1. Author’s Background Antonio Pigafetta is the eldest son of Giovanni Pigafetta to his second wife Angela Zuga. He’s an Italian born around 1451 in Vicenza a town in Venice, Italy. Their family belonged to the rich people in Vicenza. He is a well- educated man who’s curious about the world around him. He studied astronomy, cartography, and geography. He served on the board ships of Knights of Rhodes at the beginning of the 16 th century. Until 1519 he accompanied the papal nuncio, Monsingor Chieregati to Spain. In Sevile, Antonio heard Magellan’s planned expedition and was elected to join as a sobresanliente and had a salary of 1,000 maravedis. On the trip, Pigafetta gathered data about geography, climate, flora, fauna, and the inhabitants of the places that the expedition visited. He also served as an assistant to Magellan and kept an accurate journal which later helped him in translating the Cebuano language. It was the first record documented concerning the language. During the battle of Mactan, Pigafetta was wounded but was one of the 18 men who were able to return to Spain with their new captain, Juan Sebastian Elcano who replaced Magellan after his death. Their voyage completed the first circumnavigation of the world. 2. Historical Background of the document Ferdinand Magellan was born in Sabrosa, Portugal to family of minor Portuguese nobility. At 12 he and his brother served as pages at Queen Leonora’s Port. There he was exposed of the rivalry between Spain and Portugal for sea exploration and dominance of the spice trade. Intrigued by what he discovered, he developed an interest in maritime. In 1505, Magellan was assigned to a Portuguese fleet headed for India. He participated in several expeditions in India and Africa but also wounded in some battles. He joined in the force who challenged Morocco but they were overwhelmed by the force of the Moroccans and Magellan was left with a permanent limp. In 15 th century spices were extremely valuable and the epicenter of world economy. Since spices could not be cultivated in Europe all efforts were directed to the quickest sea route to the Spice Islands. There was once again competition between Spain and Portugal. By sailing east they’ve reached the
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