101-2016 03 L12.pdf - Organic Chemistry Functional Group...

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1 Organic Chemistry: Functional Group Nomenclature Chapter 20 -no reactions tested
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2 Part 6: Identifying Functional Groups structure functional group halide sulfide ether amine thiol alcohol ketone aldehyde R X X=F, Cl, Br, I S R R' O R R' N R R' R'' R, R', R'' = H, aryl, or alkyl R SH R OH R R' O R, R' = aryl, or alkyl H R O R = H, aryl, or alkyl structure functional group nitrile amide acyl halide ester anhydride carboxylic acid R = H, aryl, or alkyl N R R X O R = H, aryl, or alkyl O R' R = H, aryl, or alkyl O R O R, R' = H, aryl, or alkyl O R O R' N R' R'' O R R, R', R'' = H, aryl, or alkyl X=F, Cl, Br, I R = H, aryl, or alkyl R = H, aryl, or alkyl R' = aryl or alkyl R, R' = H, aryl, or alkyl R = H, aryl, or alkyl OH O R R = H, aryl, or alkyl Not tested Not tested Alkenes and Alkynes are also func3onal groups
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Example 1. Identify the functional groups in the following molecules. a) b) c) d) O O O O O OH O N H OHC
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Example 2. Identify the functional groups in the following molecules. a) b) O O OH CN Br O O
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5 Part 7: IUPAC Naming of Ethers, Sulfides, and Halides Step 1: Identify the functional group. Step 2: Determine the prefix for the functional group. Step 3: Treat these functional groups as regular alkyl branching substituents.
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