patho ch 38.docx - Chapter 38 For each of the following...

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Chapter 38 For each of the following conditions, discuss how you would educate a patient and their family about the condition and determine what is the “worst case scenario” for the disorder. Osteoporosis Education: Bone demineralization; high susceptibility to fracture of wrist, vertebral and upper femur. Educate the patient and family on the Importance of lifestyle changes that are positive for bone health such as intake of sufficient calcium and vitamin D. Worst case scenario: Hip fracture that can result in disability or can lead to death. Osteoarthritis Education:Slow and progressive, degenerative, and inflammatory disease. Educate the patient on ways to relieve pain, maintain mobility and minimize disability such as exercise and lifestyle modifications, use of medications, and supportive measures to reduce stress on the affected joint. Worst case scenario: Prevents daily activities, NSAIDS, Intra-articular injection, most heat, stress fractures, osteonecrosis, bleeding or infection of the joints, deterioration of ligaments and tendons around joints and
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Unformatted text preview: pinched nerve in OA of the spine. Degenerative disc disease Education: Intervertebral discs discs dehydrate and collapse, which causes malalignment of the discs and vertebral bones. Worst case scenario: Herniated disc leading to surgery, pain that is getting worse or is disabling; weakness, pain, numbness, or tingling in the lower extremities; loss of bladder and/or bowel control. Spinal stenosis Education: Is DDD and degeneration of the lower lumbar vertebrae. Worst case scenario: Pain; May cause permanent numbness, weakness, balance problems, incontinence, or paralysis. Osteomalacia Education: Lack of calcification of bones caused by deficient vitamin D, calcium in a child. Importance of exposure to sunlight and intake of proper dosage of vitamin D and calcium. Worst case scenario: Bone pain. Bone fractures, particularly those in your ribs, spine, and legs....
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