Research Design Article Summary Four.docx - Daniel...

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Daniel Washington Research Design Article Summary Four Work Cited Elman, B. (2018). Does Backlash Effect Exist Toward Agentic Women? 1. Why did they do the study? Researchers wanted to examine how male and female managers were perceived by workers based on their sociability, likability, competency, and desirability. More specifically, they wanted to examine the relationship that these four factors have with a manager’s gender and personality characteristics and to also identify whether a positive work reference from a male or female colleague can impact the ratings participants give to their new managers. 2. Who did they use for the study? Study 1: 360 participants 3. What did they do to them? Study 1: Independent variable 1: Gender (male/female) Independent variable 2: Boss agency (competent agentic/socially dominant agentic/communal) Independent variable 3: Gender of reference (male/female/no reference) Dependent variable 1: Likability - measured using three items and a Cronbach’s alpha of α = .74. The items were then anchored with end points of 1= Not at all
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