Reading Response 3.docx - Daniel Washington PHIL 2010...

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Daniel Washington PHIL 2010 06/29/15 Reading Response 3: A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories Of Value by Sharon Street Evaluative attitudes are defined as the ideologies and moral principles that one possesses, wherein these ideologies and moral principles derive from an evolutionary basis and from environmental influences. What distinguishes evaluative attitudes from evaluative facts and evaluative judgments, according to the article, is how they function. While evaluative attitudes are based off of subjective experiences, evaluative truths are independent of subjectivity. They operate on a cause and effect continuum, in which causal explanations elucidate on how two or more entities are intertwined. Meanwhile, evaluative judgments have their own arguments that are distinct from evaluative attitudes and facts, but nonetheless, evaluative judgments and
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Unformatted text preview: evaluative attitudes share similarities in their approach to conceptualizing the human condition. Like evaluative attitudes, evaluative judgments also use an evolutionary baseline to explain human behavior, but instead of focusing solely on a Darwinian explanation on human behavior, evaluative judgments delve into the genetic, social, cultural, and historic forces that influence human values. Truly enough though, the shaping of human values have stemmed from the forces of natural selection. Reproductive success, for instance, is integral for our survival because when we judge the fact that reproduction promotes survival, we develop more of an incentive to repopulate. Our evaluative judgments can are also apparent in how we define behavior that is admirable, morally sound, or unscrupulous, according to our cultural upbringing....
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