Midterm - Aubrey Cole SOFA 131.01 Midterm Essay Questions Essay One Famous French critic Andre Bazin made a compelling argument suggesting that cinema

Midterm - Aubrey Cole SOFA 131.01 Midterm Essay Questions...

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Aubrey Cole 10/13/2019 SOFA 131.01 Midterm Essay Questions Essay One: Famous French critic Andre Bazin made a compelling argument suggesting that cinema should be approached with an emphasis on the long take as opposed to the montage theory championed by the Soviet filmmakers. Filmmakers have always sought to capture a reality through the lens of the camera or the cells of an animation. The long take and the montage each depict reality in unique ways. Using the fundamental understanding of each mode of representation, explain what sort of reality each approach could capture. Building off that, explain, despite their differences, where their goals might be similar. In other words, what can you say about how both exemplify what makes cinema...cinema. Since the creation of cinema, filmmakers and critics have debated on whether the montage or the long shot is the most effective way of capturing reality with a camera lens. The Soviet Montage movement exemplified the belief that montage was the best form of capturing reality to the extreme. This is best exemplified in the film Man With a Movie Camera . The Soviet creates and reflects reality through quick shots and dynamic and discontinuous juxtapositions. This form of cinema draws heavy influence from Marxist philosophy in order to justify the edit. According to Marxist philosophy, logic
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stems from the ability to relate both facts and opinions of a discussion to reality. The kino-eye movement also played a major role in the history of the Soviet Montage Movement. Kino-eye, or cinema-eye, is the theory that the human eye is imperfect therefore human vision is flawed, but the camera lens is perfect and can capture what mankind cannot see without help. On the other hand, the long shot is a type of shot that occurs in a film that lasts, oftentimes, more than a minute. This type of shot rose in popular alongside the Soviet Montage movement and was used to create a depiction of reality in a contrasting method. According to Susan Sontag, this type of shot is used to create a sensory experience which should take priority over interpretation. The sensory experience arises from the extended amount of time the viewer is staring at one scene. This allows for one to better absorb the sub elements of the mise-en-scene, therefore creating a more sensory experience. Despite their differences, both types of filmmaking attempt to capture reality. The montage attempts to capture reality by juxtaposing scenes and objects from daily life in order to get the viewer to think about what their reality and their life is like. The Soviet montage uses imagery in order to shock the viewer into understanding reality. The montage movements depiction of reality relies heavily comparisons made through the juxtaposition of imagery. In comparison, the long shot attempts to create reality through the perception of time. The filmmaker attempts to create reality by allowing the viewer to perceive time the same as the subject in the film. This is known as temporal realism and can help impact how the viewer perceives the film in contrast to reality.
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