pgdmuniti3.pptx - MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND ORGANIZATIONAL Unit I TAKE A POSITION Why study history of management evolution Where did management


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TAKE A POSITION Why study history of management evolution? Where did management originate from State of the economy? State of the political situation? State of the social system?
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EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORIES Early examples of management : Adam Smith published the Wealth of Nations in 1776, emphasized on the job specialization Industrial revolution – it was economical to produce in factories than home These factories needed someone to predict demand for raw materials, assign tasks to people etc. Thus ‘managers’ emerged
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CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT – SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT I. Modern management theories started in 1911 in Taylor’s work Principles of Scientific Management – defined “one best way” to do a job. He found many inefficiencies while working in the Midvale and Bethlehem Steel Companies The employees were easy going, ability and aptitude not matched with the job, there were no work standards
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The pig iron experiment: workers had to load pig iron, daily out put was 12.5 tonnes per day Taylor put the right man to work in the right job, with different combination of tools, procedures he increased the output to 48 tonnes per day Gave economic incentive higher than the wage
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Principles of Scientific Management: Develop science for every work and replace rule of thumb Scientifically select, teach and train the worker Cooperate with the workers so that work is done in line with the principles set Divide work and responsibility among managers and workers, clearly define the work
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II. Frank and Lilian Gilbreth: they studied the brick
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