Article Analysis 2.pdf - Lauren Hansen Dr Brown PSY 100 Introductory Psychology 9 October 2018 Article Analysis 2 Kraft T L Pressman S.D(2012 Grin and

Article Analysis 2.pdf - Lauren Hansen Dr Brown PSY 100...

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Lauren Hansen Dr. Brown PSY 100: Introductory Psychology 9 October 2018 Article Analysis 2 Kraft, T. L., & Pressman, S.D. (2012). Grin and bear it: The influence of manipulated facial expression on the stress response. Psychological Science, 23 (11), 1372-1377. Introduction: The purpose of this study is to see if smiling- particularly genuine smiles verses just smiling with one’s mouth- will increase the speed of recovery after a stressful event. This is measured by how quickly a participants heart rate returns to its resting point after stress. Past research indicates that positivity has good physical and psychological effects. It has been shown that smiling has been linked to well being. Thus, facial expressions could be one indicator of someone’s health. Many researchers believe that emotions are created by facial expressions not the other way around. This is most likely where the saying “fake it until you make it” (the idea that if you pretend to feel some way eventually you will) comes from. This study looks more at the biological effects of smiles by focusing on heart rate to monitor stress. The hypothesis is that those who smile will have a faster recovery time than those who don’t. The independent variable is if someone smiles, the dependant variable is the heart rate. The more genuine the smile, the quicker raised heart rates from stress will return toward their resting beats per minute.
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