Assignment 1 - Digital Computer Crime.docx - Running Head Digital Computer Crime 1 Digital Computer Crime Janet Spann Dr Edwin Otto CIS170 Information

Assignment 1 - Digital Computer Crime.docx - Running Head...

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Running Head: Digital Computer Crime 1 Digital Computer Crime Janet Spann Dr. Edwin Otto CIS170- Information Technology in Criminal Justice July 23, 2017
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Digital Computer Crime 2 Digital crime has been growing since the internet took over everyday life. People have developed skills such as hacking to gain access to sensitive information on the public and government levels. This type of crime can cause damage on a minimal level all the way to catastrophic level. There are many ways to define cyber-crime and cyberterrorism because there are many ways to commit crimes related to these topics. To fully understand computer crimes and cybercrimes, you must gain an understanding of the four major categories of computer crime, which of these types of crime present the greatest threat to society, and how the government, state and local agencies work separately and together to prevent these crimes. So, what are the four major categories of computer crimes? These consist of viruses, telecommunications crimes, Computer manipulation crimes, and theft. A virus can happen when someone accesses another person’s computer without their permission. A hacker can launch malicious programs that attacks the computers network by shutting down or even destroying the computer network ("Computer Crime Law" Par. 3) . Trojan horses, viruses, and worms can be sent via e-mail, through pop ups on internet, and even by remotely accessing the computer from a different location. The telecommunications crimes are those crimes that use the internet to access telephone networks to make free long distance and international calls. The offenders are essentially hacking into a company’s network and making modifications to allow for these calls. This type of digital crime is labeled as Phreaking. Hackers use phreaking mainly to tap into the phone company’s network. By doing this it can assist criminals to commit even bigger heist on a business or even the government (Taylor, Fritsch, & Liederbach, 2015, p. 70). Computer Manipulation Crimes are another type within the 4 major categories of computer crime. Hackers that commit these crimes are typically involved in fraud or money laundering. With money laundering a person can create an offshore account in a foreign country.
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Digital Computer Crime 3 When a large sum of money is deposited, it is broken down into smaller groups that are easily unnoticed by the government. It is said in Technology Crime in Criminal Justice book that “They are “smurted” out of the country into these offshore bank accounts (Taylor, Fritsch, & Liederbach, 2015, p. 13-14).” Due to the number of businesses within the united states the government is not able to manage them as they should, causing money to slip through to these offshore accounts without being noticed. Banks and Casinos are two of the types of businesses heavily penalized for money laundering (Taylor, Fritsch, & Liederbach, 2015, p. 13-14). Hackers attack computers to commit fraudulent crimes like identity and credit card theft. A hacker will
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