5. Finding Answers through Data Collection.pptx - FINDING ANSWERS THROUGH DATA COLLECTION Lesson 5 OBSERVATION ◦is a technique of gathering data

5. Finding Answers through Data Collection.pptx - FINDING...

This preview shows page 1 - 19 out of 54 pages.

FINDING ANSWERS THROUGH DATA COLLECTION Lesson 5
Image of page 1
OBSERVATION is a technique of gathering data whereby you personally watch, interact or communicate with the subject of your research.
Image of page 2
is a method of collecting research data, involves observing behavior and systematically recording the results of those observations.
Image of page 3
Observation is the central method in qualitative types of research , most specifically ethnography , in which you observed the lifestyle of a cultural group. (Letherby 2013; Snort 2013)
Image of page 4
TYPES OF OBSERVATON Participant observation Non- participant/Structured observation
Image of page 5
TYPES OF OBSERVATON Participant observation: The observer takes part in the situation he or she observes. (For example, a doctor hospitalized with a broken hip, who now observes hospital procedures ‘from within’.)
Image of page 6
To record your finding through this type of observation , use the diary method or logbook.
Image of page 7
Non-participant/Structured observation: The observer watches the situation, openly or concealed, but does not participate
Image of page 8
Recording this non – participation observation happens through the use of checklist others called this checklist as an observation schedule.
Image of page 9
METHODS OF OBSERVATION DIRECT OBSERVATION INDIRECT OBSERVATION
Image of page 10
DIRECT OBSERVATION this involves the observation of behavior as it occurs. This method makes you see and or listen everything that happens in the area of observation.
Image of page 11
For instance , things happening in a classroom , court trial , street trafficking and the like, come directly to your senses. However, to avoid the waste of energy , time and effort in observing , you have to stick to the questions that your research aim to answer.
Image of page 12
INDIRECT OBSERVATION This method is called “behaviour archaeology“. Often referred to as unobtrusive measures, occurs when the researcher uses evidence of behaviors in order to demonstrate that specific behaviors have occurred.
Image of page 13
The researcher creates a list of the types of possible evidence of the occurrence of the behavior of interest. This ,method observes the traces of past events to get information or measure of behavior, trait, or quality of your subject.
Image of page 14
Such observations may include: Evidence of wear and tear, e.g. the path that students use to cross the university campus is clearer and wider than paths that are used less often Evidence of rubbish or litter that has been left behind, e.g. after a soccer match the amount and type of litter might indicate the amount and type of food and drink that has been consumed.
Image of page 15
METHODS OF INDIRECT OBSERVATION Continuous Monitoring or CM Spot Sampling
Image of page 16
Continuous Monitoring Here, you observe to evaluate the way people deal with one another . As such, this is the main data gathering technique use in behavioral psychology, where people’s worries, anxieties, habit and problems in shopping malls , play areas, family homes , or classrooms serves as the focus of studies in the field of discipline.
Image of page 17
Spot Sampling This was done first by behavioral
Image of page 18
Image of page 19

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 54 pages?

  • Spring '18
  • Erico Nuguid

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors