5. Finding Answers through Data Collection.pptx - FINDING ANSWERS THROUGH DATA COLLECTION Lesson 5 OBSERVATION ◦is a technique of gathering data

5. Finding Answers through Data Collection.pptx - FINDING...

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OBSERVATION is a technique of gathering data whereby you personally watch, interact or communicate with the subject of your research.
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is a method of collecting research data, involves observing behavior and systematically recording the results of those observations.
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Observation is the central method in qualitative types of research , most specifically ethnography , in which you observed the lifestyle of a cultural group. (Letherby 2013; Snort 2013)
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TYPES OF OBSERVATON Participant observation Non- participant/Structured observation
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TYPES OF OBSERVATON Participant observation: The observer takes part in the situation he or she observes. (For example, a doctor hospitalized with a broken hip, who now observes hospital procedures ‘from within’.)
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To record your finding through this type of observation , use the diary method or logbook.
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Non-participant/Structured observation: The observer watches the situation, openly or concealed, but does not participate
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Recording this non – participation observation happens through the use of checklist others called this checklist as an observation schedule.
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DIRECT OBSERVATION this involves the observation of behavior as it occurs. This method makes you see and or listen everything that happens in the area of observation.
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For instance , things happening in a classroom , court trial , street trafficking and the like, come directly to your senses. However, to avoid the waste of energy , time and effort in observing , you have to stick to the questions that your research aim to answer.
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INDIRECT OBSERVATION This method is called “behaviour archaeology“. Often referred to as unobtrusive measures, occurs when the researcher uses evidence of behaviors in order to demonstrate that specific behaviors have occurred.
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The researcher creates a list of the types of possible evidence of the occurrence of the behavior of interest. This ,method observes the traces of past events to get information or measure of behavior, trait, or quality of your subject.
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Such observations may include: Evidence of wear and tear, e.g. the path that students use to cross the university campus is clearer and wider than paths that are used less often Evidence of rubbish or litter that has been left behind, e.g. after a soccer match the amount and type of litter might indicate the amount and type of food and drink that has been consumed.
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METHODS OF INDIRECT OBSERVATION Continuous Monitoring or CM Spot Sampling
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Continuous Monitoring Here, you observe to evaluate the way people deal with one another . As such, this is the main data gathering technique use in behavioral psychology, where people’s worries, anxieties, habit and problems in shopping malls , play areas, family homes , or classrooms serves as the focus of studies in the field of discipline.
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Spot Sampling This was done first by behavioral
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  • Spring '18
  • Erico Nuguid

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