Geography Mid-Term Paper 1.docx - Schariar Milfeld Professor Emily Ye CHIN 3280 China’s Rural Urbanization and Market Change China being the most

Geography Mid-Term Paper 1.docx - Schariar Milfeld...

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Schariar Milfeld Professor Emily Ye CHIN 3280 October 15, 2019 China’s Rural Urbanization and Market Change China, being the most rapidly urbanized country from 1970’s to present has accomplished many feats as well as encountered many problems amongst rural areas. 1978 was a pivotal point in regard to the foundation of the economy because it was when China shifted to a market economy, eliminating its previous command-economy model. Renovation of industries and systems that effected the public completely changed from the foundation up. State privatization was loosened and pushed to modernize and concentrate the countryside, which shoved those in the rural areas to urban ones. One train of thought that has allowed China to do what their reforms entail is “As soon as peasant households have settled in the city they are classified as being lifted out of poverty” (Driessen 2017: 71). Breakneck change to the countryside has been made possible mainly through the reform of farmland, hukou, and development of the real estate market. One way the state has been able to renovate the agricultural sector has been by changing farming to one that is more industrial. For thousands of years, pigs have become integral to Chinese lifestyle as they were the first in the world to domesticate them. Backyard pig farming has been an important role amongst peasants as pigs are valued for their meat, as well as for the manure that is used for fertilizing the farming of crops. In the scope of cultural life of the Chinese, pork is crucial world. An “industrial meat regime” has been instilled by the government to symbolize progress, an attempt to protect the environment, and a concentration of pork for profit and power. With the state’s hold on meat industry and progress to exploit profits, the regime has been able to increase the consumption of pork. Since 1980, pork consumption has
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risen to as much as 4 times more than previous years (Schnider: 90). As mentioned in “Wasting the rural”, Mindi Schneider mentions that “As recently as 1985, smallholders produced at least 95% of the country’s pork” which is a large difference to 2008, as pigs raised in rural households went all the way down to 50%. With the commodity of pork moving from peasants to a state monopoly, it has created a deficiency amongst a sector that has been country people’s livelihood for thousands of years. Although the earnings of this type of life were scant, it served as a means of living enough for the rural areas and for providing cleaner meat to the masses. The quick
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