GMOs Draft #2.docx - Are GMOs Safe Genetically modified organisms(GMOs are used to modify a food or organism to produce a certain or have desired traits

GMOs Draft #2.docx - Are GMOs Safe Genetically modified...

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Are GMOs Safe? Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are used to modify a food or organism to produce a certain or have desired traits. This has been proven to be very useful, leading to it being used all across the world in a variety of ways. Many people do not realize how impactful they have become in society today. GMOs have been cooperated in millions of organisms and foods for a long time, yet people are just questioning it now. The question still remains whether or not we should trust GMOs. The safeness of GMOs has become a very controversial topic across the world. However, recent studies and evidence show that GMOs are safe. Globally, millions of people are starving or struggling to find enough food to support themselves and family. Several factors that negatively impact the population regarding accessibility to food are population growth, changing tastes, climate change, and water scarcity. Keith Breene of the World Economic Forum said, 28% of agriculture is in water stressed regions. Therefore, there is not enough water to adequately produce food to support the population. This is just one factor that results in this food shortage problem. To solve this issue, scientists and researchers have come up with GMOs. Surprisingly, GMOs have been around for a long time. According to Gabriel Rangel, PhD in Biological Sciences in Public Health at Harvard University, GMOs have been around for at least 30,000 years. Natives used processes called “Selective Breeding” and “artificial selection” which are types of genetically modifying. In order to get a certain desired trait, natives influenced DNA by mating different types of organisms. Many common organisms have resulted from this process such as dogs and cats. However, this is type of genetically modifying is different from the one used today. For example, in 1973, Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen were the first scientist to Genetically engineer an organism, specifically bacteria. They did this by
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taking a gene out of one organism and placing it in another (Rangel). This was a tremendous breakthrough and changed the way people viewed GMOs. Farmers and scientists started utilizing this method in crops such as corn, wheat, rice, and many vegetables and fruit. To better understand how organisms are genetically modified, there are steps in which an GMOs must go through. According to Chelsea Powell, student with a PhD in Chemical Biology at Harvard University, the first step is to identify a desired trait. Once chosen, the scientist must isolate the gene and paste it into plasma by use of enzymes. This can be done by either using a gene gun to inject it into the organism or using bacteria to infect the organism. Each way has
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