大班课作业二_周鑫渝_1700013222.pdf - a 一个Agent只能感知状态的部分�息,那么它不可能是完美理性的

大班课作业二_周鑫渝_1700013222.pdf - a...

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a. 一个 Agent 只能感知状态的部分信息,那么它不可能是完美理性的 . 错误。完美理性指的是 Agent 在给定的接受信息下做出最好决定的能力,并不是指无所不知,在感知的部分信息上做 出最好选择,也是完美理性的。 b. Agent* * 程序与 Agent 函数的输入是相同的 .** 错误。 Agent 程序和 Agent 函数都需要接收感知的信息, Agent 程序接受当前感知的信息,而 Agent 函数的输入整个感 知序列,还包括了之前感知的信息。 c. 在不可观测的环境中,每个 Agent 都是理性的 . 错误。如果 Agent 有对于环境的模型的话,即使它不能感知环境的信息,它也可以判断某些行为是不是最好的,如果 做的不是基于模型下 最好的决定 ,那这个 Agent 就不是理性的。 d. 一个完美理性的玩扑克 Agent 是不可能输的 . 错误。把两个完美理性的玩扑克
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Unformatted text preview: Agent 放在一起比赛,必有一方会输;另外的可能是另外的一方的牌非常好,即使扑 克 Agent 再理性可能也没有办法赢。 请写出基于目标的 Agent 的伪代码 Agent 程序 function G OAL-B ASED-A GENT ( percept ) return an action persistent : state , the agent's current concep±on of the world state model , a descrip±on of how the next state depends on current state and ac±on goal , a descrip±on of the goal state plan , a sequence of ac±ons to try to achieve the goal,ini±ally empty action , the most recent ac±on,ini±ally none state ← U PDATE-S TATE( state , action , percept , model ) if G OAL-A CHIEVED( state , goal ) then return a null action if plan is empty then plan ← P LAN( state , goal , model ) action ← F IRST( plan ) U PDATE-P LAN( plan ) return action...
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