Simmons+PRJS+Week+6v4.docx - Running head ANXIETY DISORDERS IN CHILDREN ADOLESCENTS Anxiety Disorders in Children Adolescents with Autism Spectrum

Simmons+PRJS+Week+6v4.docx - Running head ANXIETY DISORDERS...

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Running head: ANXIETY DISORDERS IN CHILDREN & ADOLESCENTS 1 Anxiety Disorders in Children & Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder Jessica Simmons American Military University
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ANXIETY DISORDERS IN CHILDREN & ADOLESCENTS Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) encompasses a wide range of developmental disorders. ASD is commonly associated with social problems specifically with difficulty communicating and interacting with others. Per the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), persons with ASD may have repetitive behaviors as well as limited interest in activities that typically are recognized within the first two years of life (2016). The symptoms of ASD are largely varied depending on the developmental disorder specifically and other factors. Like ASD, there are ranges of anxiety disorders that also interfere with everyday performance and relationships (2016). The overall relationship between anxiety disorders and ASD have been researched in the past, and there are dozens of studies regarding the association of the disorders. What has not been researched is the specific anxiety disorder that is linked with certain autism spectrum disorders. The review of this study will help specify anxiety disorders linked with disorders on the autism spectrum. The authors have selected several past studies to conduct a meta-analysis to review and specify and/or narrow the associations between anxiety and ASD. Keywords: autism, children, anxiety, Asperger’s, social interaction, DSM 2
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ANXIETY DISORDERS IN CHILDREN & ADOLESCENTS Anxiety Disorders in Children & Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder The relationship between anxiety and autism spectrum disorder is no secret however there has been little research on just how each disorder is connected. Researchers van Steensel, Bogels & Perrin (2011) attempt to uncover the specific anxiety disorders that are linked with autism spectrum disorders. The main purpose of the meta-analysis is to estimate the prevalence of specific anxiety disorders in children and adolescents with ASD. The selected studies, the method to conduct the meta-analyses, and the criteria used for the study revealed substantial associations between anxiety and ASD. Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ASD are at an increased risk for anxiety and anxiety disorders. It is unclear as to which anxiety disorder within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorder IV (DSM IV) children and adolescents with ASD are at an increased risk for.
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