Disorders of the Uterus.docx - Disorders of the Uterus Endometrium is the innermost lining layer of the uterus and functions to prevent adhesions

Disorders of the Uterus.docx - Disorders of the Uterus...

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Disorders of the Uterus Endometrium is the innermost lining layer of the uterus, and functions to prevent adhesions between the opposed walls of the myometrium, thereby maintaining the patency of the uterine cavity. Also have a single-layered prismatic epithelium with or without cilia. Is usually caused by more than one microorganism; it is most commonly caused by an ascending infection from the vagina. It also occurs in 70% to 90% of cases of salpingitis. Endometritis is an uncommon occurrence after vaginal childbirth, at a rate of 1% to 3%, but more common with caesarian section, depending on the circumstances necessitating surgery. In acute infection, white blood cells and bacterial organisms invade the endometrial layer.
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Unformatted text preview: Microorganisms such as Gonococcus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Enterococcus, and several strains of anaerobic bacteria are the most common causes of endometritis. In chronic infection, plasma cells and T lymphocytes are found in the endometrial layer and deeper. Symptoms usually include abnormal vaginal bleeding, uterine tenderness, fever, and malodorous discharge. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scans may be needed if retained tissue of pregnancy is the cause of the infection. Antibiotic therapy is indicated and usually can thoroughly eradicate the condition....
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  • Fall '14
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