3.1 Xia Dynasty.rtf - HA462 Jing Xia Dynasty c 2070-1600 BCE Xia Dynasty bronze age • The Xia Dynasty entered the bronze age • the first of the

3.1 Xia Dynasty.rtf - HA462 Jing Xia Dynasty c 2070-1600...

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HA462 Jing Xia Dynasty c. 2070-1600 BCE Xia Dynasty, bronze age The Xia Dynasty entered the bronze age. the first of the three successive dynasties in early China : Xia, Shang, Zhou, known as the Three Dynasties Our knowledge about many aspects of Xia, unlike that of Shang or Zhou, is far less certain since no contemporary Xia writing has been found so far. It is based on information in ancient post-Xia but pre-Qin (Qin: 221-207 BC) texts. The textual information on Xia seem to correspond with archaeological materials in sites such as Erlitou in time and space. Indeed, following clues of Xia in traditional texts, Chinese archaeologists found the pre-Shang Erlitou site. Although lot of information in these texts [such as Sima Qian’s 司馬遷 (145-87BC) Shiji (the historical records)] has been proven reliable, our knowledge about Xia, and Chinese archaeologists’ acceptance of Erlitou Culture as Xia Culture, will remain uncertain until discovery of more evidences. The wide distribution of Earlitou Culture, the use of advanced bronze technology, the
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