IC Transparency Report 2018.pdf - CALENDAR YEAR 2018 ODNI STATISTICAL TRANSPARENCY REPORT REGARDING USE OF NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORITIES CONTENTS

IC Transparency Report 2018.pdf - CALENDAR YEAR 2018 ODNI...

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2018 Office of the Director of National Intelligence Statistical Transparency Report Regarding the Use of National Security Authorities Calendar Year 2018 Office of Civil Liberties, Privacy, and Transparency April 2019
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2018 INTRODUCTION FIGURES FISA PROBABLE CAUSE AUTHORITIES ODNI STATISTICAL TRANSPARENCY REPORT REGARDING USE OF NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORITIES CALENDAR YEAR FISA CRIMINAL USE NATIONAL SECURITY LETTERS FISA TITLE IV FISA TITLE V FISA SECTION 702 2 Table of Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 4 A. Background .................................................................................................................................................................. 4 B. Areas Covered in this Report ...................................................................................................................................... 4 C. Context and Clarity ..................................................................................................................................................... 5 D. Key Terms ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6 FISA Probable Cause Authorities ............................................................................................... 8 A. FISA Titles I and III .................................................................................................................................................... 8 B. FISA Title VII, Sections 703 and 704 ....................................................................................................................... 8 C. Statistics ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8 FISA Section 702 ......................................................................................................................... 10 A. Section 702 ................................................................................................................................................................. 10 B. Statistics—Orders and Targets ................................................................................................................................ 12 C. Statistics—U.S. Person Queries ............................................................................................................................... 13 D. Section 702 and FBI Investigations ......................................................................................................................... 16 E. NSA Dissemination of U.S. Person Information under FISA Section 702 ......................................................... 17 FISA Criminal Use and Notice Provisions ................................................................................ 22 A. FISA Sections 106 and 305 ..................................................................................................................................... 22 FISA Title IV—Use of Pen Register and Trap and Trace (PR/TT) Devices ........................... 23 A. FISA PR/TT Authority ............................................................................................................................................. 23 B. Statistics ...................................................................................................................................................................... 23 FISA Title V—Business Records ............................................................................................... 25 A. Business Records FISA .............................................................................................................................................. 25 B. Statistics—Title V “Traditional” Business Records Statistics Orders, Targets & Identifiers .......................... 26 C. Statistics—Call Detail Record (CDR) Orders, Targets & Identifiers ................................................................. 27 D. Statistics Call Detail Record Queries .................................................................................................................. 31 National Security Letters (NSLs) ............................................................................................... 32 A. National Security Letters ......................................................................................................................................... 32 B. Statistics—National Security Letters and Requests for Information .................................................................. 32 CONTENTS
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2018 INTRODUCTION CONTENTS FISA PROBABLE CAUSE AUTHORITIES ODNI STATISTICAL TRANSPARENCY REPORT REGARDING USE OF NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORITIES CALENDAR YEAR FISA CRIMINAL USE NATIONAL SECURITY LETTERS FISA TITLE IV FISA TITLE V FISA SECTION 702 3 Table of Figures Figures 1a and 1b: FISA “Probable Cause” Court Orders and Targets .......................................................................... 9 Figures 2a and 2b: FISA “Probable Cause” Targets Broken Down by U.S. Person Status ........................................... 9 Figure 3: Section 702 Orders ............................................................................................................................................... 13 Figure 4: Section 702 Targets .............................................................................................................................................. 13 Figure 5: How the IC Counts U.S. Person Query Terms Used To Query Section 702 Content ................................... 14 Figure 6: U.S. Person Query Terms Used To Query Section 702 Content ..................................................................... 14 Figure 7: How the IC Counts U.S. Person Query Terms Used To Query Section 702 Noncontents ............................ 15 Figure 8: U.S. Person Queries of Noncontents of Section 702 ......................................................................................... 15 Figure 9: Required Section 702 Query Reporting to the FISC ........................................................................................ 16 Figure 10: Number of FBI Investigations Opened on USPs Based on Section 702 Acquisition ................................ 16 Figure 11: Section 702 Reports Containing USP Information Unmasked by NSA ..................................................... 20 Figure 12: Section 702 USP Identities Disseminated by NSA ........................................................................................ 20 Figure 13: Number of Criminal Proceedings in Which the Government Provided Notice of Its Intent To Use Certain FISA Information ...................................................................................................................................... 22 Figures 14a and 14b: Number of PR/TT Orders, Targets and Unique Identifiers Collected ...................................... 24 Figure 15: FISA PR/TT Targets—U.S. Persons and Non-U.S. Persons ........................................................................ 24 Figure 16a: Title V “Traditional” Business Records Orders, Targets, and Unique Identifiers Collected ................... 26 Figure 16b: “Traditional” Business Records Orders and Targets ................................................................................... 27 Figure 16c:
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