artwork2_saenz_and_waldo_2013 (2).doc - PSYC 3530 S Bowman Student Name Lab Instructor Daniel Washington Sonia Article#2 Worksheet Saenz and Waldo(2013

artwork2_saenz_and_waldo_2013 (2).doc - PSYC 3530 S Bowman...

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PSYC 3530 S. Bowman Student Name Daniel Washington Lab Instructor Sonia Article #2 Worksheet: Saenz and Waldo (2013) Instructions. Respond to each of the questions below in complete sentences, unless otherwise specified. Type your answers in the boxes provided; the boxes will expand to accommodate responses of any length. Bring a hard copy of the completed document to class on the day the assignment is discussed. The assignment abbreviation to use when saving the electronic version of this document is artwork2 . While preparing this assignment, you may quote hypotheses and the names/definitions of variables; such quotes should be in quotations marks. Otherwise, you should not copy the wording or structure of sentences used in the article and should paraphrase details in your own words. Also, proofread your work carefully for proper grammar and spelling before submitting it. Because the source of the information is obvious, you do not need to provide any in-text citations for the article in your responses. 1. Fill in the chart below with the name of the independent variable (IV) and each of its levels. Next to each level of the IV, note the frequency (f) and the percent (%) of participants who identified with that category. IV: Prayer Preference f % Prayer with counselor during therapy session 9 8.33% Individual prayer outside of therapy session 26 24% No prayer during therapy session 73 69.59% 2. With regard to the IV described in #1, a. Is this IV a between-subjects or within-subjects variable? Explain why you think so. The independent variable is a between-subjects design because three different groups are being compared in the research study. b. Is this IV described a manipulated or subject variable? Explain why you think so. The independent variable is a subject variable because the participants’ preferences cannot be controlled. 3. In a study on independent groups, it is typically considered very important to establish that the groups being compared are similar to one another (in demographic terms) and have homogeneity of variance (in statistical terms), before any analysis is performed. In this study, however, the researchers didn’t do any of this. Why not? More specifically, what was it about the study’s goals that made creating similar groups unnecessary and/or extremely difficult?
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PSYC 3530 S. Bowman The assumption of homogeneity of variance is that the variance within each of the populations is equal. In this study, the researchers did not establish homogeneity of variance because the sample in the study was not comprised of individuals who were equally distributed across gender, race, sexuality, and religious affiliation. The majority of the participants were women (63.7%, n 69), Caucasian (76.2%, n 83), Christian (46.8%, n 51), and heterosexual (87%, n 95). So therefore,
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