OB Chapter 9(1) (2).ppt - OB OB Chapter Chapter 9 9 Foundations Foundations of of Group Group Behavior Behavior Kaumudi Misra Ph.D

OB Chapter 9(1) (2).ppt - OB OB Chapter Chapter 9 9...

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Kaumudi Misra, Ph.D. [email protected] OB Chapter 9: Foundations of Group Behavior OB Chapter 9: Foundations of Group Behavior
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Level II: Groups or Teams Remember the three levels of OB? Individual Group Organization Teams or Groups are an integral unit of all organizations Department Work Group (as in this class) Project Team Study of Group/Team Processes and Functioning salient to study of Organizational Behavior
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Learning Objectives 9.1 Distinguish between the different types of groups. 9.2 Describe the punctuated-equilibrium model of group development. 9.3 Show how role requirements change in different situations. 9.4 Demonstrate how norms exert influence on an individual’s behavior. 9.5 Show how status and size differences affect group performance. 9.6 Describe how issues of cohesiveness and diversity can be integrated for group effectiveness. 9.7 . Describe strengths and weaknesses of Group Decision- making
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Defining and Classifying Groups Group: Two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives Formal Group: Defined by the organization’s structure with designated work assignments establishing tasks Informal Group: Alliances that are neither formally structured nor organizationally determined Appear naturally in response to the need for social contact Deeply affect behavior and performance
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Distinguish Between Different Types of Groups OB Poll Most People Report Drinking with Coworkers is Acceptable Note: Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) survey of 501 individuals and how drinking is viewed in their organization at a range of workrelated activities. Source: Based on S. M. Heathfield, “To Drink or Not to Drink: Does Alcohol Drinking Mix Safely with Work Events?,” About.com Guide, 2013, .
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Distinguish Between Different Types of Groups Ingroups and Outgroups Ingroup favoritism occurs when we see members of our group as better than other people, and people not in our group as all the same. Whenever there is an ingroup, there is by necessity an outgroup , which is sometimes everyone else, but is usually an identified group known by the ingroup’s members.
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Punctuated-Equilibrium Model Temporary groups under deadlines go through transitions between inertia and activity—at the halfway point, they experience an increase in productivity.
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