Kaumudi Misra, Ph.D. [email protected] Chapter 8: Motivation – From Concepts to Application Chapter 8: Motivation – From Concepts to Application
Learning Objectives Learning Objectives 8.1 Describe how the job characteristics model motivates by changing the work environment. 8.2 Compare the main ways jobs can be redesigned. 8.3 Explain how specific alternative work arrangements can motivate employees. 8.4 Describe how employee involvement measures can motivate employees. 8.5 Demonstrate how the different types of variable-pay programs can increase employee motivation. 8.6 Show how flexible benefits turn benefits into motivators. 8.7 Identify the motivational benefits of intrinsic rewards.
The Job Characteristics Model The Job Characteristics Model Exhibit 8-1 The Job Characteristics Model Source: Based on J. L. Pierce, I. Jussila, and A. Cummings, “Psychological Ownership within the Job Design Context: Revision of the Job Characteristics Model,” Journal of Organizational Behavior 30, no. 4 (2009): 477–96.
The Job Characteristics Model The Job Characteristics Model The core dimensions of the job characteristics model (JCM) can be combined into a single predictive index called the motivating potential score (MPS). – Evidence supports the JCM concept that the presence of a set of job characteristics does generate higher and more satisfying job performance. – Studies show that supportive leadership behaviors improved the job characteristics of R&D professionals.
Compare the Main Ways Jobs Can Be Redesigned Compare the Main Ways Jobs Can Be Redesigned Repetitive jobs provide little variety, autonomy, or motivation. Job Rotation – Referred to as cross-training. – Periodic shifting from one task to another. – Strengths: reduces boredom, increases motivation, and helps employees better understand their work contributions. – Weaknesses: creates disruptions, requires extra time for supervisors addressing questions and training time, and reduced efficiencies.
Compare the Main Ways Jobs Can Be Redesigned Compare the Main Ways Jobs Can Be Redesigned Job Enrichment
- Summer '16
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