PPoint week 5 slave bis.ppt - Africa Slave Trade and the Atlantic World[chapter 20 HST 103 GLOBAL HISTORY Slavery and Slave Trade Before the Portuguese

PPoint week 5 slave bis.ppt - Africa Slave Trade and the...

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Africa, Slave Trade, and the Atlantic World [chapter 20] HST 103: GLOBAL HISTORY
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Slavery and Slave Trade Before the Portuguese
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Slavery in the world Africa, a place where slavery was common: ownership Administration – military – agriculture – trade – industry – other Africa, a source of slaves: Islamic Slave Trade (since 8th C) Non-Muslim slaves African slaves sold in Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, Indian Ocean Basin markets
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Transformation Into a Transatlantic Business
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**1400s-1800s **Africans, source of slave labor for Europeans by elimination
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Some numbers 1400-1500s: 2,000 slaves a year 1600s: 20,000 slaves a year 1700s: 55,000 slaves a year (100,000 in the 1780s) A total of 12 million slaves + 4 million dead in the process
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Transfer points in the coast of Africa
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Impact of Slave Trade in Africa
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Central, interior kingdoms (Chad, Sudan, Congo, Zambia) Prominent participants in slave trade: Asante, Oyo, Benin (centralized confederations of city- states) High slave pri ces Taxes Products War captives (peasants) 18 th C: kidnapping, slave- raiding
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The Triangular Trade *Also, Brazilian tobacco and liquor for African slaves The Atlantic Trading System
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Cowry shells from the Indian Ocean And cotton from India…
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