models of addiction.docx - The three models of addiction are medical psychological and spiritual The medical model views addictions as a diseases that

models of addiction.docx - The three models of addiction...

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The three models of addiction are medical, psychological, and spiritual. The medical model views addictions as a diseases that results from genetics inheritance as well as the environment they are exposed too; the medical model believes that “the concept of ‘free will’” is just an illusion (Doweiko, 2012, p. 333). To prove the genetic theories different studies and research were conducted, one involved children that were born from parents who had an AUD but adopted and raised by parents who did not have an AUD. These children still developed an AUD later in their life (Doweiko, 2012, p. 334-337). Although different researches have been performed to try to pin one gene that causes a person to have an addictive personality, there isn’t one. Miller said that not one but several genes contribute to a person’s “risk of developing an SUD in combination with environmental and social influences” (Doweiko, 2012, p. 341). The psychological model suggests that “addictions are learned behaviors, poor psychosocial functioning, or the result of maladaptive thinking” (Doweiko, 2012, p. 345). The psychological
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