Nancy_REFKI-FINAL_RP.doc - Entrepreneurship Education Views and Perspectives of Egyptian Youth A Research Paper presented by Nancy Nagui Refki

Nancy_REFKI-FINAL_RP.doc - Entrepreneurship Education Views...

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Entrepreneurship Education: Views and Perspectives of Egyptian Youth A Research Paper presented by: Nancy Nagui Refki Khalil (Egypt) in partial fulfilment of the requirements for obtaining the degree of MASTERS OF ARTS IN DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Specialization: Children and Youth Studies (CYS) Members of the examining committee: Dr. Auma Okwany Dr. Karin Astrid Siegmann The Hague, The Netherlands November, 2011
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Disclaimer: This document represents part of the author’s study pro- gramme while at the Institute of Social Studies. The views stated therein are those of the author and not necessarily those of the Institute. Inquiries: Postal address: Institute of Social Studies P.O. Box 29776 2502 LT The Hague The Netherlands Location: Kortenaerkade 12 2518 AX The Hague The Netherlands Telephone: +31 70 426 0460 Fax: +31 70 426 0799 ii
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Contents Acknowledgments iv Abstract v Chapter 1 Introduction 1 1.1 The Context 3 1.2 Aims of the Research 4 Objectives 4 Research Questions 4 1.3 Research Strategy and Method 5 1.4 Organization of the Research 7 Chapter 2 Theoretical & Practical Contexts 8 2.1 Review of Literature 8 What is entrepreneurship education? 9 Why entrepreneurship education is significant? 9 2.2 Conceptual Framework 10 Conceptualizing Youth 11 2.3 Entrepreneruship Education Programs 13 Participatory Approach in Entrepreneurship Educa- tion programs 13 Mini- Company Program 14 Chapter 3 Voices from the field 17 3.1 Why Joining? 17 The inadequacy of the formal education system 17 The Lack of Heroes 20 3.2 Challenges: Lived experiences versus practical im- plications 22 Two Cultures 22 3.3 The way forward: Student’s perceptions about what should be done 25 Make it known and available for all 25 The need to invest early: It might be too late for us! 26 Chapter 4 Conclusion 29 References 32 iii
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iv
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Acknowledgments This paper is a humble product of what I learned from so many people through the course of a year. I would like to thank Injaz team, who shared their experience with me and were the source of my insiparation to conduct this research in the first place. I would like to especially thank Dahlia Helaly and Dina El Mofty for their utmost and constant sup- port througout my journey. This resarch would not have been possible without the voices of its partcipants; I thank all the interviewees for sharing their stories enthusiastically and did not hesitate to give me their time. I would like to express my gratitude to my professors: Ben White, Kristen Chiney for shaping how I think about chil- dren and youth; to Auma Okwany and Karin Astrid Sieg- mann for believing in my research and providing instrumen- tal guidance without which this paper would not be possi- ble. I will always be indebted to Magda Fayek, my mother, the strongest woman I know. Thank you for always believing in me, giving me wings and encouraging me to create my own destiny. You are wonderful!
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