K1.pdf - Crohn’s Disease Living With The Pain HERMAN Kristen Herman Justin Bell PHED-1164-61400 Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel

K1.pdf - Crohn’s Disease Living With The Pain HERMAN...

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Crohn’s Disease -- Living With The Pain
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HERMAN Kristen Herman Justin Bell PHED-1164-61400 11/22/19 Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract. Crohn’s Disease (CD) can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract (from the mouth to the anus) and most often affects the portion of the small intestine before the large intestine (colon). Damaged areas appear in patches located near areas of healthy tissue. Inflammation may spread through the multiple layers of tissue in the walls of the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. The exact cause of Crohn’s Disease is unknown, but CD, like other forms of inflammatory bowel disease, is the result of a defective immune system. A properly functioning immune system will attack foreign organisms, such as viruses and bacteria, to protect the body. In a patient with Crohn’s Disease, the immune system will improperly respond to environmental triggers, thus causing the inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It has also been noted that there appears to be a genetic component involved with CD. According to the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America, Crohn’s Disease affects as many as 1.6 million Americans, with as many as 70,000 new cases of Crohn’s and colitis being diagnosed yearly in the United States. Currently, there may be as many
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HERMAN as 80,000 children in the US suffering from a form of inflammatory bowel disease, which can eventually be diagnosed as Crohn’s Disease. Currently, there is no medical cure for Crohn’s Disease. There are, however, four basic categories of CD treatment medications: Corticosteroids: These medications, which include prednisone, prednisolone and budesonide, affect the body’s ability to begin and maintain an inflammatory process. They keep the
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