Situational-Analysis-of-Youth-in-Africa.doc - ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA SITUATION ANALYSIS OF YOUTH IN AFRICA REGIONAL REPORT APRIL 2016 Nana Akua

Situational-Analysis-of-Youth-in-Africa.doc - ECONOMIC...

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Regional Analysis of the Situation of Youth in Africa (April 2016) Page 0 of 101 ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA SITUATION ANALYSIS OF YOUTH IN AFRICA REGIONAL REPORT APRIL 2016 Nana Akua Anyidoho, PhD Jacob Omolo, PhD
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Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 3 INTRODUCTION 4 B ACKGROUND AND RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY 4 C ONCEPTUAL AND DEFINITIONAL ISSUES 8 M ETHODOLOGY 10 O VERVIEW OF REPORT 10 EDUCATION 12 P RIMARY S CHOOL E NROLMENT AND C OMPLETION R ATES 12 E NROLMENT IN S ECONDARY S CHOOL AND T ERTIARY E DUCATION 15 L ITERACY R ATES 21 R ELEVANCE AND Q UALITY OF E DUCATION 22 C OMPREHENSIVE S EXUALITY E DUCATION 24 R ECOMMENDATIONS 26 HEALTH 28 H EALTH SITUATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE 29 S EXUAL HEALTH 32 I NJURIES AND VIOLENCE 34 M ENTAL HEALTH 34 I NFECTIOUS DISEASES 36 N ON - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES 36 D ISABILITY 36 R ECOMMENDATIONS 36 POLITICAL INCLUSION 40 Y OUNG PEOPLE S INTEREST AND PARTICIPATION IN ELECTORAL PROCESSES 41 Y OUNG PEOPLE S PARTICIPATION IN POLITICAL OFFICE AND DECISION - MAKING 47 R ECOMMENDATIONS 50 PROTECTION OF RIGHTS AND CIVIC ENGAGEMENT 52 P ROTECTION OF RIGHTS 52 C IVIC ENGAGEMENT 55 R ECOMMENDATIONS 60 EMPLOYMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP 62 Y OUTH E MPLOYMENT 62 L ABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES 62 E CONOMIC GROWTH - EMPLOYMENT NEXUS 64 I SSUES AND CHALLENGES 72 Y OUTH E NTREPRENEURSHIP 77 K EY ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FOR YOUTH ENTREPRENEURSHIP 80 I NTERVENTIONS TO A DDRESS Y OUTH E MPLOYMENT AND E NTREPRENEURSHIP IN A FRICA 81 R ECOMMENDATIONS 88 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 90 E DUCATION , INCLUDING C OMPREHENSIVE S EXUALITY E DUCATION 90 Regional Analysis of the Situation of Youth in Africa (April 2016) Page 1 of 101
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H EALTH 91 P ROTECTION OF R IGHTS AND C IVIC E NGAGEMENT 92 E MPLOYMENT AND E NTREPRENEURSHIP 92 G ENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS 93 References 95 Regional Analysis of the Situation of Youth in Africa (April 2016) Page 2 of 101
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ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS AU African Union AYC African Youth Charter CSE Comprehensive Sexuality Education ECA Economic Commission for Africa FGDs Focus Group Discussions GER Gross Enrolment Ratio GPI Gender Parity Index ILO International Labour Organization IANYD United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development KIIs Key Informant Interviews MYES Ministry of Youth Employment and Sports NAYCOM National Youth Commission SROs Sub Regional Offices SSA Sub-Saharan Africa UN United Nations UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund UNPY United Nations Programme on Youth UN Youth-Swap United Nationals Inter-Agency Program on Youth WB World Bank WHO World Health Organization WPAY World Programme of Action for Youth Regional Analysis of the Situation of Youth in Africa (April 2016) Page 3 of 101
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Introduction The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), in collaboration with the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), and with the support of the Department of
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