lukeinkubotalin.doc - Chapter for R Kubota A Lin Eds Race culture and identities in second language education London Routledge in press/2008 Race and

lukeinkubotalin.doc - Chapter for R Kubota A Lin Eds Race...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 24 pages.

Chapter for: R. Kubota & A. Lin, Eds., Race, culture and identities in second language education. London: Routledge, in press/2008. Race and Language as Capital in School: A Sociological Template for Language Education Reform Allan Luke Queensland University of Technology The most brutal social relations of force are always simultaneously symbolic relations. And acts of submission and obedience are cognitive acts which as such involve cognitive structures, forms of categories of perception, principles of vision and division. Social agents construct the social world through cognitive structures that may be applied to all things of the world and in particular social structures… The cognitive structures are historically constituted forms … which means we can trace their social genesis. - Pierre Bourdieu ( State Nobility , 1998b, p. 53) The educational problem The narrative structures around race, power and speaking position have historically been written from the margins of power –from diasporic positions produced by histories of displacement, migration and cultural and economic marginalization. But it is a different task to document the experience of the symbolic and physical violence of racism, as First Nations, African-American, migrants in all countries, Jewish, and postcolonial people of colour have done for centuries. From the treatises of Dubois, to narratives of writers like Baldwin and Fanon, Morgan and Ghosh - we see the common theme of unbridled and deliberate, systematic yet gratuitous violence spanning diverse and often incomparable peoples, places and times. Even where it has been suppressed from official archives and histories, the experience of racism represented in oral tale and music, story and memoir, literature and cinema, poetry and art is visceral and ugly. It is not a figment of discourse or political correctness. It is materially and phenomenally real for those who have experienced it. It remains in the body, in memory and behaviour. For those who have not, it is often beyond comprehension. Though we know its colour and its sources in our own times, in our own places and histories – it is not the exclusive domain of any particular dominant class or colour of male patriarchs. Even within this century, and at this moment, it is occurring not just white upon black and brown, but yellow upon white, black upon black, and so on. Racism appears to know no sociological and geographical bounds, operating across different state formations, political ideologies and economies, operating within heterogeneous cultural communities as well as across them. But as a raw act of power – racism historically is connected with the assertion of power by class and cultural 1
Image of page 1
elites, by male patriarchy upon marginalized ‘others’. Women have been participants and, indeed, everyday discrimination on the basis of race and language occurs within marginalized and diasporic communities. There are few exemptions on offer here. But not all racist moments or acts have co-equal force, material or bodily effect. And
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 24 pages?

  • Fall '08
  • Finklerberg

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors