st13971.en14.doc - The European Council requested regular reporting on ongoing activities in the field of combating terrorism in the EU by Member States

st13971.en14.doc - The European Council requested regular...

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The European Council requested regular reporting on ongoing activities in the field of combating terrorism in the EU by Member States and supporting EU institutions and the implementation of the EU Action Plan on combating terrorism. This is the update of the last report, issued at the end of 2012 1 . This report will evolve. It will take into account the Conclusions of the meeting of the Jutice and Home Affairs Council on 9 October 2014 in Luxembourg. Delegations are invited to provide their comments to the office of the CTC by 7 November 2014. 1 16471/1/12. 13971/14 GdK/kve 1 CAB LIMITE EN
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Table of Contents 1. FOREIGN FIGHTERS ............................................................................................................ 6 Better understanding of the phenomenon ................................................................................... 6 Prevention of radicalisation ........................................................................................................ 7 Detection of suspicious travel ..................................................................................................... 8 Investigation and prosecution ..................................................................................................... 9 Returnees ................................................................................................................................... 11 Cooperation with third countries .............................................................................................. 11 EU9 Group ................................................................................................................................ 13 2. PREVENT ................................................................................................................................ 13 Work streams ............................................................................................................................. 13 Radicalisation Awareness Network ........................................................................................... 15 Europol Platform for Experts (EPE) on Right Wing Extremism (RWE) ................................... 16 3. PROTECT ............................................................................................................................... 17 Critical infrastructure protection .............................................................................................. 17 Border management .................................................................................................................. 18 Transport Security ..................................................................................................................... 22 Cyber Security ........................................................................................................................... 26 Nuclear Security ........................................................................................................................ 31 Security related research ........................................................................................................... 32 Security of Explosives and CBRN materials ............................................................................. 34 4. PURSUE ................................................................................................................................... 41 Criminal Justice ........................................................................................................................ 41 Law enforcement cooperation ................................................................................................... 52 Terrorist financing ..................................................................................................................... 60 5. RESPONSE .............................................................................................................................. 61 Solidarity Clause ....................................................................................................................... 61 Integrated Political Crisis Response arrangements (IPCR) ..................................................... 62 Civil protection .......................................................................................................................... 63 6. THE EXTERNAL DIMENSION ........................................................................................... 64 Internal-external dimension ...................................................................................................... 64 External Prevent ........................................................................................................................ 64 Security and Development ......................................................................................................... 65 Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) - Long Term ......................................... 65 13971/14 GdK/kve 2 CAB LIMITE EN
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CT Political Dialogues .............................................................................................................. 66 The Transatlantic Relationship ................................................................................................. 67 Central Asia .............................................................................................................................. 68 Pakistan ..................................................................................................................................... 70 India ......................................................................................................................................... 71 Western Balkans ........................................................................................................................ 71 Sahel ......................................................................................................................................... 71 Nigeria ...................................................................................................................................... 76 Northern Africa, Middle East .................................................................................................... 77 Horn of Africa and Yemen ......................................................................................................... 81 Counter-terrorism and human rights ........................................................................................ 82 United Nations .......................................................................................................................... 83 Global Counter-Terrorism Forum (GCTF) ............................................................................... 83 Kidnapping for ransom ............................................................................................................. 89 Cooperation with other international organisations (Council of Europe, OSCE, NATO) ......................................................................................................................................... 89 Targeted sanctions ..................................................................................................................... 90 * * * 13971/14 GdK/kve 3 CAB LIMITE EN
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The foreign fighters issue has been the top priority in CT for the past 18 months. In May 2014 an EU national returned from a conflict zone to the Schengen area. His route went through various countries and he entered via a Member State which was not his country of origin. He is suspected to have killed four people in Brussels. This case, possibly the first of its kind, demonstrates how the phenomenon of foreign fighters calls for initiatives to counter the resulting terrorist threat, is cross-pillar in nature, and involves both the internal and the external dimension of the European Union. The first part of this report deals specifically with the foreign fighters phenomenon (1). As to the internal dimension , the issue of travel for terrorism purposes has been extensively covered at both political and expert levels. The discussions and activities touched, inter alia , on border security, detection of suspicious travel and transport security. The prevention of radicalisation as well as the fight against the financing of terrorism remain important. Progress has been made in numerous areas. However, use of Europol and various European mechanisms could
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