HumanRights-2011.doc - An Introduction to HUMAN RIGHTS in the Middle East North Africa – a Guide for NGOs Authors Anass Bendrif MA Sahira al Karaguly

HumanRights-2011.doc - An Introduction to HUMAN RIGHTS in...

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An Introduction to HUMAN RIGHTS in the M iddle E ast & N orth A frica – a Guide for NGOs Authors: Anass Bendrif, MA; Sahira al Karaguly, BSc; Mohammadi Laghzaoui, MSc; Esmah Lahlah, MSc; Maeve Moynihan, MCH; Alice Nderitu, AcpS; Joelle Rizk, BA; Maytham Al Zubaidi, BSc. Editor: Maeve Moynihan, MCH. Sub-editor/DTP: Jon Anderson This manual was put together by networklearning.org with help from and . Thanks also to S. Cowan for assistance and to Karen Kenny for Section 5.1 Third Edition, July 2011 First Published 2009 Amsterdam
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An Introduction to Human Rights in the Middle East & North Africa – a Guide for NGOs Contents 1. Why this Manual? ................................. 2 2. Understanding the Problem ................ 4 2.1 Human Rights in the setting of the Middle East & North Africa 4 2.2 Understanding the situation in your own country 6 2.3 Understanding the law and Human Rights 7 2.4 Human Rights and Gender 9 2.5 Domestic Violence 11 2.6 Analysing the Problem – Tactical Mapping of a Human Rights Issue 12 2.7 A Problem for Analysis by Tactical Mapping: Underage Marriages 13 3. The Skills a Human Rights NGO needs .............................................. 15 3.1 Where to Start? 15 3.2 A Health Check for The HR Approaches of your NGO Members 15 3.3 Professionalisation before fundraising 17 3.4 Finding the money 18 3.5 Interviewing, Listening & Training 20 4. Building Cultures that favour Human Rights ......................................... 22 4.1 Democracy – the key foundation of Human Rights 23 4.2 Building Democracy into the School Curriculum 27 4.3 Empowering Women – an example from Palestine 28 4.4 Negotiation, Conflict Resolution & Peace Building 29 4.5 Countering Corruption in the MENA Region 30 5. Interventions ....................................... 32 5.1 Human Rights Defenders and Legitimacy 32 5.2 Recording & Reporting HR Abuses 34 5.3 Lobbying for Groups & Advocacy for causes 35 5.4 Using the Rescue Triangle 39 6. Working in Co-operation ................... 41 6.1 Women’s NGOs in North Africa 41 2
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An Introduction to Human Rights in the Middle East & North Africa – a Guide for NGOs 6.2 How can NGOs become more effective actors in the public scene? 42 7. Helping the Damaged ........................ 44 7.1 Advocacy for Individuals 44 7.2 Other Approaches & Resources 45 8. Further information ............................ 47 Note: References to further Information that appear by the texts refer to Section 8 3
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An Introduction to Human Rights in the Middle East & North Africa – a Guide for NGOs 1. Why this Manual? Some NGOs in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) may be interested in the field of Human Rights (HR), but feel that they do not know enough about it. Or perhaps they do not know where to start. This manual is designed to help them. It is intended to be a bundle of ideas, introducing important problems and approaches around which are valuable roles for NGOs. Human Rights This is an area where different NGOs are active at different levels. The UN organizations and Amnesty International work at International level, creating a legal framework for Human Rights. National NGOs can help in this endeavour.
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