OSF OGP Sec Sector sample commitments.doc - OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATIONS OPEN GOVERNMENT PARTNERSHIP SECURITY SECTOR SAMPLE COMMITMENTS September 2011 To

OSF OGP Sec Sector sample commitments.doc - OPEN SOCIETY...

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OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATIONS OPEN GOVERNMENT PARTNERSHIP SECURITY SECTOR SAMPLE COMMITMENTS September 2011 To help inform governments, civil society and the private sector in developing their OGP commitments, the Transparency and Accountability Initiative (T/A Initiative ) reached out to leading experts across a wide range of open government fields to gather their input on current best practices and the practical steps that OGP participants and other governments could take to achieve meaningful progress. The Open Society Foundations drafted three sets of sample commitments, in consultation with partners around the world, that recommend concrete steps to address aspects of one of the five “grand challenges” identified by the OGP Steering Committee as foundational, namely: Creating Safer Communities—measures that address public safety, the security sector, disaster and crisis response, and environmental threats. The below sample commitments address transparency and accountability concerning: Police and Public Security, Military and Intelligence Budgets, and
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National Security. Police and Public Security 1 I. Initial Steps Across the globe, the primary point of contact most citizens have with their government is a police officer. Competent and honest law enforcement is a mainstay of the rule of law. Insufficient or ineffective investment in the public security sector can result in weak or non-functioning security institutions, unable to respond to, or deter, crime and violence. Goal: States make information on budgets, personnel and crime publicly available in a timely and accessible manner. Justification: Basic information on budgets, line accountability and crime rates is necessary for citizens to assess the costs of policing and distribution of law enforcement resources relative to public safety needs as well as to other spending priorities. 2 Recommendations: 1. States should publish all laws and regulations setting out police powers (including regulations concerning the private security sectors). 2. States should publish basic budgets and lines of leadership and authority for national police force(s). 3. States should publish basic data on number of personnel (distinguishing sworn officers and administrative staff); number of police officers per capita and by region; names 1 OSF thanks Prof. David Bayley, State University of New York at Albany, and Prof. Hugo Frühling, University of Chile, and Director of the Center for Studies on Public Safety, for their comments 2 Countries organize their police systems in different ways. Most of them have more than one police force—e.g., state police, communal police, municipal police, and/or judicial police. Some also undertake military duties (e.g., gendarmerie), and in some countries military forces supplement police forces in national emergencies (Mexico, Egypt) and/or to help carry out basic police functions (Nigeria). There may also be special police forces or units (e.g. tax and military police). In some countries, the main forces operate at the state and local levels, and national police forces
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