HTP-module-2-technical-notes.doc - MODULE 2 The Humanitarian System Roles Responsibilities and Coordination PART 2 TECHNICAL NOTES The technical notes

HTP-module-2-technical-notes.doc - MODULE 2 The...

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MODULE 2 The Humanitarian System: Roles, Responsibilities and Coordination PART 2: TECHNICAL NOTES The technical notes are the second of four parts contained in this module. They provide information on the humanitarian system, the roles of different actors and various ways in which their responses are coordinated. Words in italics are defined in the glossary. The notes begin with an overview of the ‘humanitarian system’, describing it as a network of actors and processes rather than as a formal system. Humanitarian principles underpin the functioning of the network, and provide a framework for coordination. Coordination is described in terms of the roles and responsibilities of the various actors concerned, working together to improve humanitarian outcomes. The roles of National Governments, the UN and inter-agency groupings are described. Supporting humanitarian coordination are processes (the Cluster Approach), appeals and funding mechanisms (the CAP and CERF) and tools (Sphere and the Principles of Partnership) which are outlined. Several collaborative groupings are introduced which also facilitate coordination at various levels. Finally, the Technical Notes describe the roles and responsibilities of some individual actors – UN agencies, donors, the Red Cross Movement, NGOs, Military and Private Companies. Module 2: The Humanitarian System: Roles, Responsibilities and Coordination Page 1 Technical Notes Version 2: 2011 Summary This module provides an overview of the mechanisms and processes that enable and support a coordinated humanitarian response. Key messages Humanitarian coordination is about delivering assistance in a cohesive and effective manner in order to save lives and reduce suffering among those affected. Responsibility for coordination of humanitarian relief rests with the authority controlling the affected territory, be it a national government or occupying power. When external support is required, the UN mobilises and coordinates international humanitarian agencies and processes termed the ‘humanitarian system’. The international humanitarian system comprises UN agencies, NGOs, the Red Cross Movement and donors. Humanitarian actors are guided by the humanitarian principles of humanity , impartiality, independence and, for many, neutrality. The Humanitarian Coordinator is responsible for coordination amongst the UN agencies and other humanitarian actors that commit to participate in coordination arrangements. Wherever possible, the HC acts in support of and in coordination with national and local authorities. The IASC Cluster Approach, which includes the Nutrition Cluster, is one important coordination mechanism that can be enacted in an emergency. Donor governments, through the Good Humanitarian Donorship initiative are striving to improve their accountability and effectiveness in humanitarian response.
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  • Fall '08
  • Finklerberg

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